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The Reform of the Pension Systems in Easterm Europe and these Impact about the Efficiency and Equity/La reforma de los sistemas de pensiones en Europa del Este y su impacto sobre la eficiencia y la equidad



    () (Universidad de Salamanca.)


At the end of the last decade several countries in Eastern Europe undertook changes in their pension systems, adopting different strategies of reform. Although it is recognized the scant time passed since the start of the reforms, this work intends to discuss the different implications of these changes from the double perspective of efficiency and equity. From the perspective of efficiency, the author mainly analyzes the ability of the new systems to cope with demographic aging and to promote national saving, the pension funds market structure, the contribution evasion and, especially, the potential administration costs. The author concludes that efficiency does not increase in the aspects considered here. From the perspective of equity, the paper, by means of a simulation of replacement rates, shows that the distributive power of pensions decreases, so other instruments to achieve equity objectives will have to be proposed. A finales de la pasada década varios países de Europa del Este acometieron cambios en sus sistemas de pensiones, adoptando diferentes estrategias de reforma. Aunque se reconoce el escaso tiempo transcurrido tras las reformas, el objetivo de este artículo es analizar las implicaciones que conllevan estos cambios desde las perspectivas de la eficiencia y de la equidad. Desde la perspectiva de la eficiencia, se analiza la capacidad de los nuevos sistemas para afrontar el envejecimiento demográfico y promover el incremento del ahorro, la estructura del mercado de fondos de pensiones, la evasión en las contribuciones y, especialmente, los potenciales costes de administración en los nuevos sistemas. Se concluye que, en los aspectos considerados, la eficiencia no se incrementa. Desde la perspectiva de la equidad, el artículo, a través de una simulación de las tasas de reemplazo, muestra que el potencial distributivo de las pensiones disminuye, por lo que deberán proponerse otros instrumentos para alcanzar objetivos de equidad.

Suggested Citation

  • Antón Pérez, José Ignacio, 2006. "The Reform of the Pension Systems in Easterm Europe and these Impact about the Efficiency and Equity/La reforma de los sistemas de pensiones en Europa del Este y su impacto sobre la eficiencia y la eq," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 24, pages 643(20á)-64, Agosto.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:24_2_20

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Eric M. Engen & William G. Gale, 1997. "Effects of Social Security reform on private and national saving," Conference Series ; [Proceedings], Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, vol. 41(Jun), pages 103-142.
    2. Vylitova, Marketa, 2002. "Old-Age Pension System and Its Place in the Czech Welfare State," Discussion Paper 62, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
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    More about this item


    Reform; Eastern Europe; Administrative Cost; Equity/Reforma; Países del Este; Eficiencia; Costes de Administración; Equidad.;

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies


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