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Gasto en I+D, desarrollo económico y empleo en las regiones españolas y europeas/Research Expenditure, Economic Development and Employment in Spanish and European Regions

Author

Listed:
  • GUISAN, Mª C.

    () (Equipo de Econometría, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Santiago de Compostela)

  • AGUAYO, E.

    () (Equipo de Econometría, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Santiago de Compostela)

Abstract

En este artículo analizamos las principales diferencias regionales que existen en España y en Europa respecto al gasto en Investigación y Desarrollo, I+D, y la importancia que tiene el capital humano, tanto en Educación como en Investigación, para impulsar la producción y el empleo. Analizamos los datos correspondientes a 151 regiones de 25 países europeos en el año 2000 y presentamos la estimación de varios modelos econométricos interregionales que muestran los impactos positivos de la investigación tecnológica sobre la producción industrial y de la investigación no tecnológica sobre la producción y el empleo en los sectores de servicios. Se constata el bajo nivel de apoyo que tiene la investigación en las regiones españolas en comparación con otros países de la UE, y la conveniencia de que España siga las recomendaciones positivas del Consejo de Europa, de forma que impulse la investigación en todas sus regiones, ya que una buena política en este sentido tendrá sin duda un efecto beneficioso sobre la creación de empleo y el desarrollo regional. We analyse data of employment, human capital and economic development in 151 regions of 25 European countries in year 2000, and present the estimation of several interregional econometric models which show the positive impact of Research and Development expenditure, RD, both technological and not technological, on production and employment. We conclude that both types of research have a positive effect on regional development, being technology more linked to industrial production while non technological research has an important positive effect on non industrial production, particularly on services. Financial support to RD activities is very low in Spanish regions, in comparison with EU average, and thus it is advisable to improve the Spanish policy in this regard, by following the positive recommendations of the OECD, the Council of Europe and other interesting reports. Those changes should have a beneficial effect on employment rates and production per inhabitant in all the Spanish regions, allowing them to reach a level similar to EU average or above.

Suggested Citation

  • Guisan, Mª C. & Aguayo, E., 2005. "Gasto en I+D, desarrollo económico y empleo en las regiones españolas y europeas/Research Expenditure, Economic Development and Employment in Spanish and European Regions," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 23, pages 637-662, Diciembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:23_3_6
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jaffe, Adam B, 1989. "Real Effects of Academic Research," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(5), pages 957-970, December.
    2. RM. Serrano & R. Paci & S. Usai, 2003. "Spatial distribution of innovation activity. The case of European regions," Working Paper CRENoS 200310, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Investigación y Desarrollo; Empleo; Regiones europeas; Modelos econométricos interregionales; Economía regional española; Capital Humano/Research and Development; Employment; European Regions; Interregional Econometric Models; Spanish Regional Economics; Human Capital.;

    JEL classification:

    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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