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La eficiencia de las actividades de I+D desde el punto de vista de las patentes registradas en los países de la Unión Europea/The Efficiency of R&D Activities: A Patent Approach in the European Union Countries

Author

Listed:
  • QUINDÓS MORÁN, Mª P.

    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Oviedo.)

  • VICENTE CUERVO, Mª R.

    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Oviedo.)

  • RUBIERA MOROLLÓN, F.

    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Oviedo.)

Abstract

En el Consejo Europeo de Lisboa (2000) los Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de la Unión Europea fijaron como objetivo conseguir que la economía europea se convirtiese en la más competitiva y dinámi-ca del mundo para el año 2010. De este modo las actividades de investigación y desarrollo (I+D) se convierten en uno de los principales instrumentos para la consecución de dicho objetivo. En este contexto, el objetivo de este trabajo consiste en realizar una aproximación a la eficiencia de las actividades de I+D desarrolladas por los Estados Miembros (UE-15), Islandia y Noruega, utilizando como indicador del output de I+D el número de patentes registradas y como inputs el gasto y personal destinado a tales actividades. At Lisbon European Council (2000) the Union set a new strategic goal for the next decade: to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world by the year 2010. Achieving this goal requires an overall strategy in which Research and Development activities (R&D) are a key and basic tool. In this context, the aim of this paper is to carry out an efficiency analysis on R&D activities across the Member States (EU-15), Iceland and Norway, using the number of patents as an R&D output indicator and R&D personnel and expenditure as input indicators.

Suggested Citation

  • Quindós Morán, Mª P. & Vicente Cuervo, Mª R. & Rubiera Morollón, F., 2005. "La eficiencia de las actividades de I+D desde el punto de vista de las patentes registradas en los países de la Unión Europea/The Efficiency of R&D Activities: A Patent Approach in the European Union ," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 23, pages 607-619, Diciembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:23_3_4
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
    2. K.P. Kalirajan & R.T. Shand, 1992. "Causality between Technical and Allocative Efficiencies: An Empirical Testing," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 19(2), pages 3-17, May.
    3. R. D. Banker & A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper, 1984. "Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(9), pages 1078-1092, September.
    4. Bauer, Paul W., 1990. "Recent developments in the econometric estimation of frontiers," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1-2), pages 39-56.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Investigación y Desarrollo (I+D); Eficiencia y Análisis Envolvente de Datos (DEA)./Research and Development Activities (R&D); Efficiency and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA).;

    JEL classification:

    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe

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