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La eficiencia de las actividades de I+D desde el punto de vista de las patentes registradas en los países de la Unión Europea/The Efficiency of R&D Activities: A Patent Approach in the European Union Countries



    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Oviedo.)


    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Oviedo.)


    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Oviedo.)


En el Consejo Europeo de Lisboa (2000) los Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de la Unión Europea fijaron como objetivo conseguir que la economía europea se convirtiese en la más competitiva y dinámi-ca del mundo para el año 2010. De este modo las actividades de investigación y desarrollo (I+D) se convierten en uno de los principales instrumentos para la consecución de dicho objetivo. En este contexto, el objetivo de este trabajo consiste en realizar una aproximación a la eficiencia de las actividades de I+D desarrolladas por los Estados Miembros (UE-15), Islandia y Noruega, utilizando como indicador del output de I+D el número de patentes registradas y como inputs el gasto y personal destinado a tales actividades. At Lisbon European Council (2000) the Union set a new strategic goal for the next decade: to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world by the year 2010. Achieving this goal requires an overall strategy in which Research and Development activities (R&D) are a key and basic tool. In this context, the aim of this paper is to carry out an efficiency analysis on R&D activities across the Member States (EU-15), Iceland and Norway, using the number of patents as an R&D output indicator and R&D personnel and expenditure as input indicators.

Suggested Citation

  • Quindós Morán, Mª P. & Vicente Cuervo, Mª R. & Rubiera Morollón, F., 2005. "La eficiencia de las actividades de I+D desde el punto de vista de las patentes registradas en los países de la Unión Europea/The Efficiency of R&D Activities: A Patent Approach in the European Union ," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 23, pages 607-619, Diciembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:23_3_4

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
    2. K.P. Kalirajan & R.T. Shand, 1992. "Causality between Technical and Allocative Efficiencies: An Empirical Testing," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 19(2), pages 3-17, May.
    3. R. D. Banker & A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper, 1984. "Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(9), pages 1078-1092, September.
    4. Bauer, Paul W., 1990. "Recent developments in the econometric estimation of frontiers," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1-2), pages 39-56.
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    More about this item


    Investigación y Desarrollo (I+D); Eficiencia y Análisis Envolvente de Datos (DEA)./Research and Development Activities (R&D); Efficiency and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA).;

    JEL classification:

    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe


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