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La eficiencia de las actividades de I+D desde el punto de vista de las patentes registradas en los países de la Unión Europea/The Efficiency of R&D Activities: A Patent Approach in the European Union Countries


    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Oviedo.)


    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Oviedo.)



    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Oviedo.)

En el Consejo Europeo de Lisboa (2000) los Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de la Unión Europea fijaron como objetivo conseguir que la economía europea se convirtiese en la más competitiva y dinámi-ca del mundo para el año 2010. De este modo las actividades de investigación y desarrollo (I+D) se convierten en uno de los principales instrumentos para la consecución de dicho objetivo. En este contexto, el objetivo de este trabajo consiste en realizar una aproximación a la eficiencia de las actividades de I+D desarrolladas por los Estados Miembros (UE-15), Islandia y Noruega, utilizando como indicador del output de I+D el número de patentes registradas y como inputs el gasto y personal destinado a tales actividades. At Lisbon European Council (2000) the Union set a new strategic goal for the next decade: to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world by the year 2010. Achieving this goal requires an overall strategy in which Research and Development activities (R&D) are a key and basic tool. In this context, the aim of this paper is to carry out an efficiency analysis on R&D activities across the Member States (EU-15), Iceland and Norway, using the number of patents as an R&D output indicator and R&D personnel and expenditure as input indicators.

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Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 23 (2005)
Issue (Month): (Diciembre)
Pages: 607-619

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:23_3_4
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  1. R. D. Banker & A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper, 1984. "Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(9), pages 1078-1092, September.
  2. K.P. Kalirajan & R.T. Shand, 1992. "Causality between Technical and Allocative Efficiencies: An Empirical Testing," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 19(2), pages 3-17, May.
  3. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
  4. Bauer, Paul W., 1990. "Recent developments in the econometric estimation of frontiers," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1-2), pages 39-56.
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