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Empresa, comportamiento innovador y Universidad: el caso de la Economía Social en Andalucía/Enterprise, innovating behaviour and University: the case of Andalusian Social Economy



    () (Departamento de Teoría Económica y Economía Política)


    () (Departamento de Teoría Económica y Economía Política)


    () (Departamento de Organización de Empresas y Marketing. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Sevilla.)


La finalidad de esta investigación es presentar, a partir de datos primarios y secundarios, un modelo cognitivo sobre el comportamiento innovador de las empresas de Economía Social andaluzas, que sea útil a los siguientes agentes sociales: investigadores, empresarios y gestores públicos. Para alcanzar la finalidad previa, se sigue el siguiente itinerario de investigación. En primer lugar, se plantea un modelo teórico en el que la decisión de innovar (comportamiento innovador) depende de condicionantes internos (cultura organizativa, tamaño, diversificación de la actividad, capacidad para asumir riesgos, valoración del entorno…), externos (sector de actividad, localización, Universidad…) y de las interacciones entre ellos (relaciones empresa-Universidad-Estado). A continuación, se diseña un modelo econométrico probit dicótomo, que se aplica a una muestra de 515 empresas de Economía Social de Andalucía y que se estima mediante máxima verosimilitud. Los resultados revelan que la existencia de relacio- nes con la Universidad tiene un efecto positivo sobre la probabilidad de innovar. No obstante, cuantitativamente, el mayor efecto procede de las variables representativas de la localización. The aim of this research is to offer a cognitive model of innovating behaviour of Andalusian Social Economy enterprises, using both primary and secondary data, that can be considered useful by researchers, entrepreneurs and public managers. In order to reach the previous purpose, the following itinerary of investigation is followed. In the first place, a theoretical model is presented in which the decision to innovate (innovating behaviour) depends on internal conditions (organizational culture, size, diversification of activity, capacity to assume risks, valuation of environment…), external factors (sector of activity, location, University,…) and interactive relationships (University-Industry-Government relations). Next, an econometric probit model is designed and applied to a sample of 515 companies of Social Economy of Andalusia and estimated by maximum likelihood. Our findings reveal that having relationships with Universities increases the probability of innovating. Nevertheless, location appears to hae the mayor impact on that decision.

Suggested Citation

  • Borra Marcos, Cristina & García Sánchez, Antonio & Espasandín Bustelo, Francisco, 2005. "Empresa, comportamiento innovador y Universidad: el caso de la Economía Social en Andalucía/Enterprise, innovating behaviour and University: the case of Andalusian Social Economy," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 23, pages 583-606, Diciembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:23_3_3

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Etzkowitz, Henry & Leydesdorff, Loet, 2000. "The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and "Mode 2" to a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 109-123, February.
    2. Oerlemans, L.A.G. & Meeus, M.T.H. & Boekema, F.W.M., 2001. "Firm clustering and innovation," Other publications TiSEM c4398688-1710-449a-83e7-e, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    3. Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 1995. "Globalization and the Inequality of Nations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(4), pages 857-880.
    4. Leydesdorff, Loet, 2000. "The triple helix: an evolutionary model of innovations," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 243-255, February.
    5. Anselin, Luc & Varga, Attila & Acs, Zoltan, 1997. "Local Geographic Spillovers between University Research and High Technology Innovations," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 422-448, November.
    6. J. P. Francois & F. Favre & S. Negassi, 2002. "Competence and Organization: Two Drivers of Innovation," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(3), pages 249-270.
    7. Cohen, Wesley M & Klepper, Steven, 1992. "The Tradeoff between Firm Size and Diversity in the Pursuit of Technological Progress," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 4(1), pages 1-14, March.
    8. de Castro, Eduardo Anselmo & Rodrigues, Carlos & Esteves, Carlos & da Rosa Pires, Artur, 2000. "The triple helix model as a motor for the creative use of telematics," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 193-203, February.
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    10. Giovanni Dosi & Christopher Freeman & Richard Nelson & Gerarld Silverberg & Luc Soete (ed.), 1988. "Technical Change and Economic Theory," LEM Book Series, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy, number dosietal-1988, August.
    11. Galende, Jesus & de la Fuente, Juan Manuel, 2003. "Internal factors determining a firm's innovative behaviour," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 715-736, May.
    12. Beneito, Pilar, 2003. "Choosing among alternative technological strategies: an empirical analysis of formal sources of innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 693-713, April.
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    More about this item


    Innovación; Economía Social; Modelos de Elección Discreta/Innovation; Social Economy; Discrete Choice Models.;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • L31 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Nonprofit Institutions; NGOs; Social Entrepreneurship
    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions


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