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La mujer en el medio rural de Castilla y León: Diversificación sectorial y proceso de dinamización económica/Rural Women in Castilla and León: Sectorial Diversification and economic development

  • GÓMEZ GARCÍA, J.M

    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada)

  • RICO GONZÁLEZ, M.

    (Departamento de Ingeniería Agrícola y Forestal. Dpto. de Ingeniería Agrícola y Forestal. ETS de Ingenierías Agrarias. Universidad de Valladolid. Avda. Madrid, 57, 34007 Palencia. Tfno. 979 108445)

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    El permanente y acelerado proceso de despoblamiento que viene sufriendo un gran número de núcleos rurales de Castilla y León, está propiciando una progresiva decadencia económica en esas zonas. En este contexto, el colectivo femenino es el que más rápidamente se ha visto afectado por el éxodo rural hacia las ciudades, dejando tras de sí poblaciones altamente envejecidas y masculinizadas. Pero son precisamente las mujeres las que presentan un alto potencial para dinamizar el tejido económico y social de estos territorios a través de nuevas actividades que diversifiquen el tejido productivo rural. Por ello, el objetivo de este trabajo consiste en analizar la situación demográfica y laboral de las mujeres del medio rural de Castilla y León para, posteriormente, identificar los sectores de actividad en los que la mujer representa un papel primordial en la recuperación económica de los territorios rurales de dicha Comunidad Autónoma. The constant process of depopulation, which a great number of villages of the Autonomous Community of Castilla y León are suffering, is provoking a progressive economic decadence in those areas. In this context, women played a key role in the process of rural exodus. This trend has created highly aged, male rural populations, with few potential human resources. But women in fact present a high potential to contribute to the economic and social development of these territories through new activities that diversify the rural productive system. This paper attempts to analyse the demographic and labour situation of rural women in Castilla y León and also to identify the activities in which women represent a major driving force for the socioeconomic recovery of those rural areas.

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    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 23 (2005)
    Issue (Month): (Agosto)
    Pages: 465-490

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:23_2_11
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