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Modelos SAM lineales y distribución de renta: una aplicación para la economía extremeña

  • DE MIGUEL VÉLEZ, F.J.

    (Universidad de Extremadura y centrA.)

  • MANRESA SÁNCHEZ, A.

    (Universidad de Barcelona y CREB.)

Las matrices de contabilidad social constituyen bases de datos que incorporan gran cantidad de información económica. Uno de los aspectos más relevantes de estas matrices es su énfasis en el sector hogares, incorporando generalmente una desagregación del mismo en diferentes grupos de acuerdo a distintos criterios socioeconómicos. El principal objetivo que se persigue en este trabajo es aplicar sobre la economía extremeña los modelos SAM de multiplicadores lineales, centrándonos en diversos multiplicadores relacionados con los grupos de hogares y la distribución de la renta. Entre los diferentes ejercicios realizados se determinan, por ejemplo, los cambios en sus niveles de renta ante incrementos exógenos en la demanda o ante transferencias de renta. Para valorar estos cambios, junto a los multiplicadores tradicionales que miden incrementos absolutos en rentas, se plantean también medidas de efectos redistributivos que muestran los cambios en términos relativos. Social accounting matrices are databases that includes lot of economic information. These matrices emphasizes the role of the household sector, involving its desaggregation into different groups according to socioeconomic criteria. The main goal of this paper is to apply linear multipliers SAM models to the Extremadura economy. We focus on several multipliers related to households groups and income distribution. Furthermore, the changes in their income levels caused by demand exogenous injections or income transfers are analysed in depth. Besides a set of common multipliers that measure absolute income changes, we also employ some measures of redistributive effects that show the changes in relative terms.

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Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 22 (2004)
Issue (Month): (Diciembre)
Pages: 1-22

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:22_3_9
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  1. Roland-Holst, David W & Sancho, Ferran, 1992. "Relative Income Determination in the United States: A Social Accounting Perspective," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 38(3), pages 311-27, September.
  2. Lewis, Blane D. & Thorbecke, Erik, 1992. "District-level economic linkages in Kenya: Evidence based on a small regional social accounting matrix," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 881-897, June.
  3. Maria Llop & Antonio Manresa, 2003. "Income Distribution in a Regional Economy: A SAM Model," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2003/03, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  4. Defourny, Jacques & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "Structural Path Analysis and Multiplier Decomposition within a Social Accounting Matrix Framework," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 94(373), pages 111-36, March.
  5. Pyatt, F Graham & Round, Jeffery I, 1979. "Accounting and Fixed Price Multipliers in a Social Accounting Matrix Framework," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 89(356), pages 850-73, December.
  6. Cohen, S. I. & Tuyl, J. M. C., 1991. "Growth and equity effects of changing demographic structures in the Netherlands : Simulations within a social accounting matrix," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 3-15, January.
  7. Javier Ferri & Ezequiel Uriel, 2000. "Multiplicadores contables y análisis estructural en la matriz de contabilidad social. Una aplicación al caso español," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 24(2), pages 419-453, May.
  8. Pyatt, Graham, 1985. "Commodity Balances and National Accounts: A SAM Perspective," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 31(2), pages 155-69, June.
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