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Espacio y comercio interregional en España



    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Valencia. Facultad de Economía. Edificio Departamental Oriental. Av. Los Naranjos, s./n. 46022 Valencia (España). Teléfono: +34 96 382 84 04; Fax: 34 96 382 8415)



    (Departamento de Análisis Económico. Universidad de Valencia. Facultad de Economía. Edificio Departamental Oriental. Av. Los Naranjos, s./n. 46022 Valencia (España). Teléfono: +34 96 382 82 43; Fax: +34 96 382 82 49)

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    A pesar de los continuos avances registrados en integración económica, comunicación y transporte, el entorno físico sigue condicionando fuertemente las relaciones comerciales. Este trabajo analiza los flujos comerciales interregionales de las CC.AA. españolas. Los resultados del estudio muestran que, en general, la mayoría de las regiones y especialmente las del norte peninsular, tienen en las regiones geográficamente más próximas a sus principales socios comerciales. La investigación muestra a Cataluña como principal motor comercial de bienes español. La mitad de los flujos identificados como localmente trascendentes llegan a o salen de Cataluña. Asimismo, si bien el trabajo no aporta evidencia concluyente de una fragmentación del espacio comercial español, si apunta a que las comunidades del Cantábrico oriental y el alto Ebro puedan constituir un clúster comercial. Adicionalmente, una nueva herramienta de análisis, en forma de coeficiente, es introducida en el documento. Despite the enormous advances in communication, transportation and economic integration registered, the physical environment strongly continues conditioning the commercial relationships. This work analyzes the interregional commercial flows of the Spanish regions. The results of the study show that, as a rule and mainly for northern regions, the main trade partners of most of the regions are their closest geographically regions. The research shows Catalonia as the main Spanish goods commercial region. Half of the interregional trade flows locally important go to or from Catalonia. Also, though the analysis does not provide any complete evidence on a possible fragmentation of the Spanish commercial space, it notes the possible existence of a cluster configured by the regions of East Cantabric and head Ebre. Additionally, a new tool for spatial analysis is proposed in the paper.

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    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 22 (2004)
    Issue (Month): (Diciembre)
    Pages: 1-21

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:22_3_7
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Beatriz Rodríguez Prado. Facultad de CC.EE. y EE. Avda. Valle del Esgueva. Valladolid 47011 SPAIN
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    Fax: (34) 983 184568
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    1. Volker Nitsch, 2000. "National borders and international trade: evidence from the European Union," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(4), pages 1091-1105, November.
    2. Simon J. Evenett & Wolfgang Keller, 2002. "On Theories Explaining the Success of the Gravity Equation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(2), pages 281-316, April.
    3. Frankel, Jeffrey & Stein, Ernesto & Wei, Shang-jin, 1995. "Trading blocs and the Americas: The natural, the unnatural, and the super-natural," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 61-95, June.
    4. McCallum, John, 1995. "National Borders Matter: Canada-U.S. Regional Trade Patterns," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(3), pages 615-23, June.
    5. Anderson, Michael A & Smith, Stephen L S, 1999. "Do National Borders Really Matter? Canada-US Regional Trade Reconsidered," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 7(2), pages 219-27, May.
    6. John F. Helliwell & Geneviève Verdier, 2001. "Measuring internal trade distances: a new method applied to estimate provincial border effects in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 34(4), pages 1024-1041, November.
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