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Análisis territorial de la accesibilidad a la vivienda en España

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  • SALÁ RIOS, MERCÈ

    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Facultad de Derecho y Economía. Universidad de Lleida. Campus Cappont. Av. Jaume 11, 73. 25001 Lleida. Tfno: 973 70 33 05. Fax: 973 70 33 00.)

Abstract

Hablar de la vivienda en España es hablar del “problema de la vivienda”, del “boom inmobiliario español” o de la “burbuja inmobiliaria”. Bajo esta realidad de fondo, el trabajo es una análisis territorial del problema de la accesibilidad a la vivienda en España. El ámbito de estudio son las Comunidades Autónomas (CCAA) y el objetivo es evaluar qué CCAA gozan de mejores condiciones de accesibilidad a la vivienda en propiedad. Para alcanzar tal objetivo se trabaja con cuatro grupos de variables: variables relacionadas con la oferta de viviendas, variables relacionadas con los precios de la vivienda, variables relacionadas con la política de la vivienda y variables relacionadas con las características y equipamiento de la vivienda. La metodología aplicada cae dentro de la programación multicriterio. Esta técnica ha sido elegida porque permite incluir en la función objetivo todas las variables consideradas relevantes e ir desgranando qué CCAA optimizan los criterios marcados de accesibilidad. To speak of housing in Spain is to speak of the “housing problem”, the “Spanish property boom” or the “property bubble”. Against this background, this work consists of an analysis of the problem of the affordability of housing in Spain by areas. The territorial level of the study is the autonomous communities (ACs). The aim is to assess which ACs have the best conditions for the affordability of owner-occupied housing. Four groups of variables have been used to achieve this aim: variables related to the supply of housing, house price variables, variables connected to housing policy and variables associated with the features and fittings of housing. The methodology used is multi-criteria programming. This technique has been chosen because it allows us to include all the variables deemed relevant in the objective function and show the ACs in which the affordability criteria used are optimised.

Suggested Citation

  • Salá Rios, Mercè, 2004. "Análisis territorial de la accesibilidad a la vivienda en España," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 22, pages 1-21, Diciembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:22_3_14
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Rosen, Harvey S., 1985. "Housing subsidies: Effects on housing decisions, efficiency, and equity," Handbook of Public Economics,in: A. J. Auerbach & M. Feldstein (ed.), Handbook of Public Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 7, pages 375-420 Elsevier.
    2. Linneman, Peter, 1980. "Some empirical results on the nature of the hedonic price function for the urban housing market," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 47-68, July.
    3. Juan Ayuso & Fernando Restoy, 2003. "House prices and rents: an equilibrium asset pricing approach," Working Papers 0304, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    4. Olympia Bover & Pilar Velilla, 2001. "Hedonic house prices without characteristics: the case of new multiunit housing," Estudios Económicos, Banco de España;Estudios Económicos Homepage, number 73, March.
    5. Lopez-Andion, Carmen, 2002. "El comportamiento de los precios de la vivienda en las regiones españolas," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 2(1).
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    Cited by:

    1. Cervelló, Roberto & García, Fernando & Guijarro, Francisco, 2010. "Ranking multicriterio de viviendas: una adaptación del modelo de precio único/Housing Multicriteria Ranking: A Single Price Model Adaptation," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 28, pages 693(22á.)-6, Diciembre.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Affordability of housing; supply; housing policy; features of housing; multi-criteria programming; ranking the Acs.;

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • P46 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
    • R29 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Other

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