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Estudio empírico en población femenina sobre condiciones de aceptación de empleo a tiempo parcial: Un modelo de decisiones múltiples./Empirical Study of the Conditions for Taking a Part Time Job Among Women: A Multiple Decision Model

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  • SAURINA CANALS, C.

    () (Grup de Recerca en Estadística, Economia Aplicada i Salut (GRECS). Departamento de Economía Universidad de Girona, Campus de Montilivi 17071- Girona. Tel: 972 418040, Fax: 972 418032.)

  • SAEZ ZAFRA, M.

Abstract

El análisis de la evolución de la tendencia del comportamiento de las mujeres en el mercado laboral nos sugiere que aún existen enormes diferencias de género, y que a pesar del avance durante estas últimas décadas de la incorporación de la mujer en el mundo del trabajo, la tasa de paro femenina es aún superior a la de los hombres. En este marco, el artículo explora la disposición laboral del colectivo femenino entre 25 y 55 años respecto a la oferta de trabajos a media jornada. El análisis empírico que da soporte al desarrollo teórico del trabajo se realiza sobre una muestra de mujeres que viven en una ciudad catalana de tamaño medio mediante el ajuste de un modelo de razón de ventajas proporcionales para la explicación de la variable de respuesta ordinal. Los principales resultados obtenidos sugieren que este tipo de oferta de trabajo a tiempo parcial en industrias manufactureras puede ser una buena opción para determinado segmento de mujeres y que además este tipo de oferta de empleo puede ser una buena herramienta que facilite la integración del colectivo procedente de la reciente ola de inmigración. The analysis of the evolution of the women behaviour in the labour market shows that there are still gender differences, and that, even considering the massive incorporation of women in such market, the unemployment rate in women is very much higher than in men. Given these antecedents, we explored in this paper the availability of women, from 25 to 55 year old, on working half time shifts. In the empirical analysis, and in order to explain a multiple-choice response, we estimated a proportional odds model on a random sample of women of a medium-size Catalan city. Our main findings suggest that this type of manufacturing labour supply could be a good choice for some women and it could be a good social integration instrument with respect to the newcomers’ immigrants.

Suggested Citation

  • Saurina Canals, C. & Saez Zafra, M., 2004. "Estudio empírico en población femenina sobre condiciones de aceptación de empleo a tiempo parcial: Un modelo de decisiones múltiples./Empirical Study of the Conditions for Taking a Part Time Job Among," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 22, pages 83-98, Abril.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:22_1_4
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Francois, Patrick & van Ours, Jan C., 2000. "Gender Wage Differentials in a Competitive Labor Market: The Household Interaction Effect," IZA Discussion Papers 202, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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    Keywords

    Empleo a tiempo parcial; Población activa femenina; Oferta de trabajo; Modelo de Razón de Ventajas Proporcionales; /Half time employment; Feminine active population; Labour supply; Proportional Odds Model.;

    JEL classification:

    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • C42 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Survey Methods
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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