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Una aproximación inicial al papel del mercado de trabajo, la inmigración y la conflictividad socio-laboral como factores explicativos de la creación de empresas./An Initial Approach to the Role of Labour Market, Immigration and Labour Conflicts as Explanatory Factors of Business Creation

Author

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  • BELSO MARTÍNEZ, J.A.

    () (Departamento de Estudios económicos y financieros. Universidad Miguel Hernández. Avda. del Ferrocarril, s/n. Elche 03002.)

Abstract

Este trabajo estudia las diferencias en la creación de empresas mediante datos de las cincuenta provincias españolas y las ciudades autónomas de Ceuta y Melilla, prestando especial atención a la influencia de la inmigración legal, la conflictividad social y la conflictividad laboral. Esencialmente, mediante el empleo del análisis factorial en componentes principales y de la regresión múltiple, comprobamos tres grupos de hipótesis sobre la relación entre algunas variables frecuentemente utilizadas para medir la evolución del mercado de trabajo, la inmigración legal, la conflictividad social y laboral y la creación de empresas. This paper studies the differences in business creation by means of data of the fifty Spanish counties and the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla, paying special attention to the legal immigration, the social conflict and the labor conflict influence on the business creation rate. Essentially, using the principal components analysis and of the multiple regression analysis, we check three groups of hypothesis about the relationship between some variables frequently used to measure the evolution of the labour market, the legal immigration, the social and labour conflict and business creation.

Suggested Citation

  • Belso Martínez, J.A., 2004. "Una aproximación inicial al papel del mercado de trabajo, la inmigración y la conflictividad socio-laboral como factores explicativos de la creación de empresas./An Initial Approach to the Role of Lab," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 22, pages 67-82, Abril.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:22_1_3
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. David B. Audretsch & A. Roy Thurik, 2000. "Capitalism and democracy in the 21st Century: from the managed to the entrepreneurial economy," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 10(1), pages 17-34.
    2. Bull, Ivan & Winter, Frederick, 1991. "Community differences in business births and business growths," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 29-43, January.
    3. Baumol, William J., 1996. "Entrepreneurship: Productive, unproductive, and destructive," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 3-22, January.
    4. George J. Borjas, 1986. "The Self-Employment Experience of Immigrants," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 21(4), pages 485-506.
    5. Reynolds, Paul D., 1987. "New firms: Societal contribution versus survival potential," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 231-246.
    6. Audretsch, D.B. & Thurik, A.R., 1998. "The Knowledge Society, Entrepreneurship and Unemployment," Papers 9801/e, NEUHUYS - RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM.
    7. Van Praag, C Mirjam & Van Ophem, Hans, 1995. "Determinants of Willingness and Opportunity to Start as an Entrepreneur," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(4), pages 513-540.
    8. M. Carree & A. Thurik, 1998. "Small firms and economic growth in europe," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 26(2), pages 137-146, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Empresas; Pymes; Inmigración; Conflictividad social; Conflictividad laboral; Creación de empresas; /Companies; SME´s; Immigration; Social conflicts; Labour conflicts; Business creation.;

    JEL classification:

    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • J52 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Dispute Resolution: Strikes, Arbitration, and Mediation
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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