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Inversión en intangibles y competitividad internacional de la gran empresa española

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  • VILASECA REQUENA, J.

    () (Estudios de Economía y Empresa. Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC).)

  • TORRENT SELLENS, J.

    () (Estudios de Economía y Empresa. Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC).)

  • LLADÓS MASLLORENS, J.

    () (Estudios de Economía y Empresa. Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC).)

Abstract

Este artículo analiza el efecto de la inversión en intangibles sobre la eficiencia de las grandes empresas exportadoras localizadas en España. Para ello, y a partir de los datos del Registro Mercantil correspondientes al año 2000, se ha investigado una amplia muestra de empresas, segmentada entre empresas exportadoras y empresas sin presencia en los mercados exteriores. Los resultados obtenidos permiten confirmar que la presencia en los mercados internacionales de estas empresas viene acompañada de una mayor inversión en activos intangibles. En concreto, se observa como la acumulación de activos inmateriales conlleva ganancias relevantes en la eficiencia y la productividad de los recursos empresariales. Por otra parte, este efecto positivo no es ajeno al tipo de actividad desarrollada, principalmente en el caso de las ramas de actividad intensivas en el uso del conocimiento. This paper analyses the effects of the investment in intangibles on the efficiency of large exporting companies located in Spain. From the data of the Mercantile Register in 2000, a wide sample of companies has been analysed. The sample has been segmented into exporting or non-exporting firms. The results show that the presence of these companies in the international markets is accompanied by a higher investment in intangible assets. The conclusion to be drawn is that the accumulation of intangible assets derives in relevant gains of efficiency and productivity of the managerial resources. This positive effect is also related to the activity branch, particularly in the case of the knowledge-intensive activities.

Suggested Citation

  • Vilaseca Requena, J. & Torrent Sellens, J. & Lladós Masllorens, J., 2003. "Inversión en intangibles y competitividad internacional de la gran empresa española," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 21, pages 503-520, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:21_3_6
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Erik Brynjolfsson & Loren Hitt & Shinkyu Yang, 2002. "Intangible Assets: How the Interaction of Computers and Organizational Structure Affects Stock Market Valuations," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 33(1), pages 137-198.
    2. repec:bla:joares:v:37:y:1999:i:2:p:353-385 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Keywords

    Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs); Investment Intangible Assets; International Competitiveness; Business Efficiency.;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • M40 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - General

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