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La tarificación viaria y sus efectos sobre el bienestar social

Author

Listed:
  • BARRIOS GONZÁLEZ, C

    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Facultad de CC.EE. y EE. Universidad de La Laguna.)

  • MARTÍNEZ NAVARRO, Mª A.

    (Departamento de Economía General. Facultad de CC.EE. y EE. Universidad de Cádiz)

  • SÁNCHEZ DE MOLINA MARTÍN, J

    (Departamento de Economía General. Facultad de CC.EE. y EE. Universidad de Cádiz)

  • TORIBIO MUÑOZ, Mª R.

    () (Departamento de Economía General. Facultad de CC.EE. y EE. Universidad de Cádiz)

Abstract

En la UE se ha estimado que los costes de la congestión representan el 2% de su PIB y que el coste de la polución del aire y ruido supera el 0,6% del PIB, siendo alrededor del 90% de los mismos ocasionados por el transporte terrestre. Ante este hecho y el continuo aumento de la demanda del transporte privado frente al público para los desplazamientos, muchos abogan por una conjunción de medidas tanto restrictivas como alternativas al uso del coche. Dentro de las primeras se encuentra el establecimiento de un peaje o una tarifa por el uso de las carreteras, medida que aunque desde el punto de vista de la Teoría Económica es la manera más eficiente para corregir el fallo de mercado que supone la congestión, desde la visión de políticos y del público no goza de gran aceptación. En este trabajo se pretende hacer una simulación de los efectos que tendría sobre el bienestar social de la implantación de una medida de este tipo en la Bahía de Cádiz. In the European Union it has been estimated that the congestion cost are the 2% of the gross domestic product and the cost of pollution and noise is over 0,6%, olso it is known that the 90% of this cost are caused by overland transport. For this reason and for the always increasing demand of private transport, there are professionals who thinks that the solution have to be restrictive measures added to alternatives to the car. road pricing is a restrictive measures that for the economic theory is the most efficient way to solve congestion cost but for politicians and user of transport is not always accepted. In this study we are going to simulate road pricing for commuters in the Bahía of Cádiz and then it will be estimated welfare effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Barrios González, C & Martínez Navarro, Mª A. & Sánchez De Molina Martín, J & Toribio Muñoz, Mª R., 2003. "La tarificación viaria y sus efectos sobre el bienestar social," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 21, pages 283-296, Agosto.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:21_2_6
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Willson, Richard W., 1992. "Estimating the Travel and Parking Demand Effects of Employer-Paid Parking," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt37p740qt, University of California Transportation Center.
    2. Willig, Robert D, 1976. "Consumer's Surplus without Apology," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 66(4), pages 589-597, September.
    3. Ison, S., 2000. "Local authority and academic attitudes to urban road pricing: a UK perspective," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 269-277, October.
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    5. Small, Kenneth A., 1992. "Using the Revenues from Congestion Pricing," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt32p9m3mm, University of California Transportation Center.
    6. Wilson, Richard W., 1992. "Estimating the travel and parking demand effects of employer-paid parking," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 133-145, March.
    7. Hau, Timothy D., 1992. "Economic fundamentals of road pricing : a diagrammatic analysis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1070, The World Bank.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Road pricing; welfare; external cost; economic efficiency.;

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • L91 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Transportation: General

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