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Círculos viciosos y virtuosos del desarrollo económico / Vicious and virtuous cicles of economic development

Author

Listed:
  • Fontela, E.

    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Facultad de CC. EE. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.)

  • Guzmán, J.

    () (Departamento de Economía Aplicada I. Facultad de CC.EE. Universidad de Sevilla.)

Abstract

Existen numerosas teorías del desarrollo que identifican circularidades en los fenómenos económicos, pero también en fenómenos políticos y sociales. Estas circularidades están interrelacionadas y se amplifican mutuamente, con el resultado que el sistema explicativo de los procesos de desarrollo es extremadamente complejo. El análisis estructural causal o cualitativo, uno de los enfoques más simples de descripción de sistemas complejos, facilita la identificación de circularidades y de las alternativas de jerarquización indispensables para una solución de problemas que en principio son interdependientes. En este artículo, de carácter didáctico, se diseña como ejemplo una jerarquía para los problemas del hipodesarrollo basada en una opción democrática, apoyada por capitales externos y con un esfuerzo prioritario en el ámbito de la educación. In many theoretical approaches of development, cumulative causation is extended to include economic, social and political components. These circularities are interrelated resulting in extremely complex explanations of the development process. Structural analysis, using causal or qualitative relations, is a simple descriptive method of complex systems that allows for the identification of circularities and the computation of hierarchies that are necessary for the solution of initially interdependent problems. In this paper, of didactic characteristics, an example is designed for a hierarchy for hypodevelopment problems based on a democratic option, supported by foreign capital and with primary efforts on education.

Suggested Citation

  • Fontela, E. & Guzmán, J., 2003. "Círculos viciosos y virtuosos del desarrollo económico / Vicious and virtuous cicles of economic development," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 21, pages 221-242, Agosto.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:21_2_3
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Martin, Ron, 1999. "The New 'Geographical Turn' in Economics: Some Critical Reflections," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(1), pages 65-91, January.
    2. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    development; structural analysis; complexity; circularity.;

    JEL classification:

    • O21 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Planning Models; Planning Policy

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