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Comparación del precio de los ordenadores en Estados Unidos y España 1990-2000: un enfoque hedónico



    () (Profesor de la Facultad de Economía, UNAM. Actualmente realiza estudios de doctorado en modelización económica aplicada en la UAM-Instituto L. R. Klein.)


    () (Profesor de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid e investigador del Instituto L. R. Klein.)


Los objetivos de este trabajo son tres. En primer lugar elaborar índices de precios de los ordenadores en España en el periodo 1990-2000. En segundo lugar compararlos con los compilados por el Instituto Nacional de Estadística y la Oficina de Estadísticas Laborales de Estados Unidos. En tercer lugar explorar la viabilidad de la transferencia de funciones hedónicas entre países. Nuestros resultados indican que las variaciones medias anuales de los ordenadores de escritorio y portátiles para España en el periodo 1990-2000 ascendieron a – 35,2% y –31,5% respectivamente. Si bien las cifras parecen excesivas, nuestros resultados son similares a los obtenidos en otras investigaciones con un enfoque hedónico y a las cifras reportadas por la Oficina de Estadísticas Laborales de Estados Unidos. The aims of this study are three. In first place to build price indexes for personal computers in Spain during 1990-2000. In second place to compare our price indexes with those compile by National Institute of Statistics and Bureau of Labor Statistics. In third place to make an exploration about the viability of transfer hedonic functions between countries. Our results shows a –35,2% and –31,5% average decline per annual of the PC’ price indexes (desktop and portable respectively) in Spain during the analyzed period. Our results are very similar to those obtained in others studies that apply hedonic techniques and those reported by de Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Suggested Citation

  • Guerrero De Lizardi, C. & Pérez García, J., 2002. "Comparación del precio de los ordenadores en Estados Unidos y España 1990-2000: un enfoque hedónico," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 20, pages 549-564, Diciembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:20_3_6

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ernst R. Berndt & Zvi Griliches, 1993. "Price Indexes for Microcomputers: An Exploratory Study," NBER Chapters,in: Price Measurements and Their Uses, pages 63-100 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item


    price indexes; personal computers; hedonic regression.;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • L63 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Microelectronics; Computers; Communications Equipment


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