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Eficiencia técnica y convergencia en la industria manufacturera de la Unión Europea

  • LOLA ESTEBAN ÁLVAREZ

    ()

    (Departamento de Análisis Económico. Facultad de CC. Económicas y Empresariales.)

  • J. LUIS GALLIZO LARRAZ

    (Departamento de Contabilidad y Finanzas. Facultad de CC. Económicas y Empresariales.)

  • J. Mª HERNÁNDEZ GARCÍA

    (Departamento de Análisis Económico. Facultad de CC. Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Zaragoza.)

El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar la evolución de los niveles de eficiencia técnica de los principales sectores de la industria manufacturera europea durante el periodo 1987-1996. Para ello se ha aplicado un análisis envolvente de datos (DEA) con la información obtenida de la base de datos BACH de 1996. Los resultados muestran que la eficiencia media de la industria disminuye en este período. Además, no encontramos una evidencia clara de que haya habido convergencia en la eficiencia entre las empresas europeas. No obstante, nuestro análisis revela una relación estrecha del ciclo económico con los niveles de eficiencia y con su dispersión. The goal of this paper is to study the evolution of technical efficiency in the main sectors of European manufacturing industry for the period 1987-1996. To that end, we apply Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) with information drawn from the BACH database of 1996. Our results show that the average level of technical efficiency decreases along this period. Furthermore, we do not find clear empirical evidence to support efficiency convergence among European firms. However, our analysis reveals a close relationship between the business cycle and both the efficien y levels and their dispersion.

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Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 20 (2002)
Issue (Month): (Agosto)
Pages: 381-401

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:20_2_7
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