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Las importaciones de mercancías en la economía española

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  • RAMIL DÍAZ, Mª

    () (Facultade de CC. Económicas e Empresariales. Universidade A coruña.)

Abstract

A partir de 1986 las importaciones españolas crecen a un ritmo muy rápido. El objetivo de este trabajo es proponer una función que permita explicar este comportamiento. La especificación de la ecuación parte del planteamiento teórico clásico y el análisis empírico se ha basado en la teoría de la cointegración. En la ecuación de largo plazo las importaciones se explican en función de una variable suma del consumo, la inversión y las exportaciones, y de los precios relativos de importación. En el corto plazo, las elasticidades para las componentes de la variable suma son distintas, por lo que se incluyen como variables separadas. Respecto a los precios, en el corto plazo, sólo se muestran relevantes los de importación. Since 1986 Spanish imports have rapidly increase. The purpose of this paper is to specify a equation that explain this behavior. This equation and the empirical analysis are based on classical theory and cointegration theory, respectively. Equations for long and short run are estimated. In the long run equation, imports are explained by a sum variable, which includes consumption, investment and exports, and by the relative prices of imports. In the short run equation, consumption, investment and exports are included separately, because their elasticities are different; and only the absolute prices of imports are outstanding.

Suggested Citation

  • Ramil Díaz, Mª, 2001. "Las importaciones de mercancías en la economía española," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 19, pages 123-138, Diciembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:19_3_6
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-1072, June.
    2. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Empirical analysis; econometric models; cointegration;

    JEL classification:

    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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