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La estructura de salarios pactados en España

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  • SIMÓN PÉREZ, H.

    () (Departamento de Análisis Económico Aplicado-Instituto de Economía Internacional. Universidad de Alicante.)

Abstract

En el presente artículo se analizan los factores que influyen en la determinación de los salarios pactados en la negociación colectiva de ámbito sectorial en España. Los salarios pactados presentan importantes diferencias entre convenios para trabajadores productivamente similares, resultando dichas diferencias muy similares para diferentes tipos de trabajadores y a lo largo del tiempo. La estructura de salarios pactados presenta características difícilmente conciliables con un enfoque competitivo del mercado de trabajo, tales como la elevada influencia que ejercen en la determinación de los salarios pactados factores como la rama de actividad y el territorio de referencia de los convenios, o la duración de la jornada de trabajo. The aim of this article is to analyze the structure of wages agreed in sectoral collective agreements in Spain and the factors that influence wage determination in collective bargaining. The major findings are that substantial wage differentials among collective agreements exist and are relatively stable over time; and that the pattern of wage differentials is very similar for different kind of workers. The results obtained indicate that the industry and territory where a collective agreement has effect are the main explaining factors of wage variability. The differentials do not seem to be consistent with competitive explanations of the labour markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Simón Pérez, H., 2001. "La estructura de salarios pactados en España," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 19, pages 171-187, Diciembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:19_3_3
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Katz, Lawrence F. & Autor, David H., 1999. "Changes in the wage structure and earnings inequality," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 26, pages 1463-1555 Elsevier.
    2. Blau, Francine D. & Kahn, Lawrence M., 1999. "Institutions and laws in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 25, pages 1399-1461 Elsevier.
    3. Krueger, Alan B & Summers, Lawrence H, 1988. "Efficiency Wages and the Inter-industry Wage Structure," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(2), pages 259-293, March.
    4. William T. Dickens & Lawrence F. Katz, 1987. "Inter-Industry Wage Differences and Theories of Wage Determination," NBER Working Papers 2271, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Konings, Jozef & Walsh, Patrick P, 1994. "Evidence of Efficiency Wage Payments in UK Firm Level Panel Data," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 104(424), pages 542-555, May.
    6. Alan B. Krueger & Lawrence H. Summers, 1986. "Reflections on the Inter-Industry Wage Structure," NBER Working Papers 1968, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    wage structure; agreed wages; collective bargaining;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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