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Hacia una reconstrucción normativa del bienestar: evolución del Índice Físico de Calidad de Vida en España, 1900-1960



    (Departamento de Economía. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Cantabria.)



    (Departamento de Economía. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Cantabria.)

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    Este trabajo parte de la distinción de Sen entre medios y fines a la hora de abordar la medición de los niveles de vida y propone la construcción del Indice Físico de Calidad de Vida (IFCV), a partir de variables demográficas y educativas, para las regiones y provincias españolas, en tres cortes cronológicos (1900, 1930 y 1960), comparando los rankings conseguidos con los de la renta per cápita a nivel regional. Los resultados del ejercicio indican que en ese período se produjo una mejora, desigual, pero generalizada del IFCV y superior a la experimentada en términos de producto per cápita; además, la comparación de los ranking de calidad de vida y de renta regional permite deducir que, pese a la aproximación progresiva de los dos indicadores, permanecen algunas importantes asimetrías. Todo ello sugiere la necesidad de tener una visión más cautelosa de la relación entre crecimiento económico, bienestar y distribución de la renta en términos espaciales y confirma la virtualidad de un enfoque del desa rollo económico de carácter normativo.

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    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 18 (2001)
    Issue (Month): (Agosto)
    Pages: 157-174

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:18_2_5
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    1. Richard H. Steckel & Roderick Floud, 1997. "Health and Welfare during Industrialization," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number stec97-1, June.
    2. Sophia Twarog, 1997. "Heights and Living Standards in Germany, 1850-1939: The Case of Wurttemberg," NBER Chapters, in: Health and Welfare during Industrialization, pages 285-330 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Larson, David A. & Wilford, Walton T., 1979. "The physical quality of life index: A useful social indicator?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 7(6), pages 581-584, June.
    4. Lars Sandberg & Richard H. Steckel, 1997. "Was Industrialization Hazardous to Your Health? Not in Sweden!," NBER Chapters, in: Health and Welfare during Industrialization, pages 127-160 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Ranis, G. & Ramirez, A. & Stewart, F., 1997. "Economic Growth and Human Development," Papers 787, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
    6. Dan Usher, 1973. "An Imputation to the Measure of Economic Growth for Changes in Life Expectancy," NBER Chapters, in: The Measurement of Economic and Social Performance, pages 193-232 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Basu, Kaushik & Foster, James E., 1998. "On measuring literacy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1997, The World Bank.
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