IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Desigualdad del rédito y bienestar social, descomposición, distancia direccional y distancia métrica entre distribuciones

  • DAGUM, CAMILO

    (Profesor, Universidad de Bologna, Italia Profesor Emérito, Universidad de Ottawa, Canadá)

Registered author(s):

    Se presentan y analizan los índices de desigualdad de Gini, de Atkinson y de la entropía generalizada. Para este último se estudian los casos particulares de Theil y de Bourguignon. Se discuten los méritos de cada uno de dichos índices desde el punto de vista del cumplimiento de propiedades tales como: (i) existencia de fundamentos realísticos de bienestar social, (ii) descomposición y (iii) sensibilidad a las transferencias de réditos entre unidades económicas. Se llega a la conclusión que el método de descomposición de las medidas de desigualdad no ofrece fundamento o información útil para la formulación de políticas socioeconómicas que se propongan la generación de procesos económicos que sean eficientes y satisfagan un principio de equidad. Luego de presentar y analizar cuantitativamente las contradicciones a que da lugar la descomposición de los índices de base entrópica, se introduce y analiza el índice de distancia direccional entre distribuciones propuesto por Dagum ( Econometrica, 1980 y Journal of Business ane Economic Statistics,1987) y el índice de distancia métrica. Se evidencia que la distancia direccional y la distancia métrica dan respuestas a dos fenómenos socioeconómicos completamente diferentes. El primero ofrece una medida absoluta (en la unidad monetaria considerada) y una relativa (sin dimensión) de la afluencia de rédito de una población con respecto a otra con rédito inferior. En cambio, la distancia métrica ofrece una medida de la disimilaridad entre distribuciones del rédito de dos poblaciones.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://www.revista-eea.net
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 17 (2001)
    Issue (Month): (Abril)
    Pages: 5-52

    as
    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:17_1_9
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Beatriz Rodríguez Prado. Facultad de CC.EE. y EE. Avda. Valle del Esgueva. Valladolid 47011 SPAIN
    Phone: (34) 983 423320
    Fax: (34) 983 184568
    Web page: http://www.revista-eea.net

    More information through EDIRC

    Order Information: Web: http://www.revista-eea.net Email:


    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    as in new window
    1. Bourguignon, Francois, 1979. "Decomposable Income Inequality Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(4), pages 901-20, July.
    2. Ebert, Udo, 1984. "Measures of distance between income distributions," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 266-274, April.
    3. Dagum, Camilo, 1980. "Inequality Measures between Income Distributions with Applications," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(7), pages 1791-1803, November.
    4. Dagum, Camilo, 1997. "A New Approach to the Decomposition of the Gini Income Inequality Ratio," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 22(4), pages 515-31.
    5. Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 1994. "Economic distance and overlapping of distributions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 147-159, March.
    6. Das, T & Parikh, A, 1982. "Decomposition of Inequality Measures and a Comparative Analysis," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 7(1-2), pages 23-48.
    7. Dagum, Camilo, 1990. "On the relationship between income inequality measures and social welfare functions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1-2), pages 91-102.
    8. Dagum, Camilo, 1987. "Measuring the Economic Affluence between Populations of Income Receivers," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 5(1), pages 5-12, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:17_1_9. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Beatriz Rodríguez Prado)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.