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¿Determina el salario mínimo seguir o no estudiando en España?

Listed author(s):
  • CAPARRÓS RUIZ, Antonio

    (Departamento de Estadística y Econometría Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Málaga)


    (Departamento de Estadística y Econometría Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Málaga)

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    Este artículo analiza las decisiones de los jóvenes españoles entre estudiar y trabajar haciendo especial énfasis en la influencia del Salario Mínimo Interprofesional (SMI) y la capacidad de financiación de los gastos educativos entre otros factores. Los datos usados provienen del primer ciclo del Panel de Hogares de la Unión Europea para España (PHOGUE) realizado en 1994 por el Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE). Los principales resultados indican, en primer lugar, que altas rentas familiares, nivel de estudios del padre elevado y posesión de becas aumentan la permanencia del individuo en el sistema educativo, sobre todo si es mujer. En segundo lugar, en las comunidades autónomas con bajas tasas de paro y salarios medios cercanos al SMI, la probabilidad de permanecer en el sistema educativo sin trabajar es menor que en el resto de las comunidades. Finalmente, los individuos que viven simultáneamente en hogares con altas rentas familiares y en comunidades con índices de Kaitz por encima de la media tienen un mayor incentivo para seguir en el sistema educativo y fuera del mercado laboral, que el resto de los jóvenes. This paper analyzes the youth’s labor and education decisions, focusing on the influence of the minimum wage and their capacity to finance their general training between others factors. Data used are derived from the Panel de Hogares de la Unión Europea España (PHOGUE) provided by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE). . First, , the main outcomes indicate that high income households, fathers with high educational level and grants increase the schooling years of the youth, especially in the women. Secondly, in the regions with low unemployment rates and average wages near the minimum wage, the probability of remaining at school, withouth working, is smaller otherwise. Finally, the individuals living, simultaneously, in high income families and in regions with Kaitz index above the average wages, have a bigger incentive to stay at school than the rest of the youth.

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    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 17 (2001)
    Issue (Month): (Abril)
    Pages: 107-124

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:17_1_5
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    1. Card, David & Krueger, Alan B, 1994. "Minimum Wages and Employment: A Case Study of the Fast-Food Industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(4), pages 772-793, September.
    2. Neumark, David & Wascher, William, 1995. "Minimum Wage Effects on Employment and School Enrollment," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 13(2), pages 199-206, April.
    3. Lassibille, Gerard & Navarro Gomez, Lucia & Aguilar Ramos, Isabel & de la O Sanchez, Carolina, 2001. "Youth transition from school to work in Spain," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 139-149, April.
    4. Ragan, James F, Jr, 1977. "Minimum Wages and the Youth Labor Market," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 59(2), pages 129-136, May.
    5. Micklewright, John, 1989. "Choice at Sixteen," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 56(221), pages 25-39, February.
    6. Pissarides, Christopher A, 1981. "Staying-on at School in England and Wales," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 48(192), pages 345-363, November.
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