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Algunas reflexiones acerca de la productividad de los servicios en la economía española

Listed author(s):

    (Universidad de Oviedo)


    (Universidad de Oviedo)

En los inicios de la ciencia económica los servicios eran considerados como actividades económicamente improductivas. Obviamente esta errónea convicción fue desterrada a lo largo del desarrollo del conocimiento científico de la economía. No obstante, la influencia de estas primeras teorías perdura aún hoy en día. Las actividades terciarias suelen ser comúnmente caracterizadas como poco capaces de experimentar intensos crecimientos de su productividad. Aunque al realizar un estudio de la evolución de la productividad en los servicios los resultados parecen confirmar este rasgo del terciario, cuando se analiza el impacto del fuerte proceso de terciarizacion que las modernas economías están sufriendo se aprecia que éste no sólo no detiene o debilita el crecimiento económico general sino que incluso, a partir de la década de los ochenta, lo impulsa. En este trabajo se realizan algunas reflexiones y se sugieren algunas hipótesis explicativas de esta aparente contradicción basándose en observaciones hechas para la economía española. At the beginning of the economic science the services were considered as being unproductive activities. Obviously this traditional theories has been disgarded with the growth of the economic knowledge. However the influences of these first theories still exist today. The tertiary activities are usually commonly characterised as being hardly capable of having intense productivity growth. Although when a productivity behaviour analysis is made it seems to confirm this characteristic of the tertiary sector, when the impact of the economies services growth is analysed it is possible to see that this structural change neither stops nor weakens general economic growth, on the contrary, it even impulses this general economic growth as from the 80´s. In this paper some reflexions are made and some explicative hypothesis of this apparent contradiction are suggested based on the Spanish economic observation.

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Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 16 (2000)
Issue (Month): (Diciembre)
Pages: 133-155

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:16_3_3
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Beatriz Rodríguez Prado. Facultad de CC.EE. y EE. Avda. Valle del Esgueva. Valladolid 47011 SPAIN

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  1. Victor R. Fuchs, 1965. "The Growing Importance of the Service Industries," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number fuch65-1, November.
  2. Baumol, William J & Blackman, Sue Anne Batey & Wolff, Edward N, 1985. "Unbalanced Growth Revisited: Asymptotic Stagnancy and New Evidence," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 806-817, September.
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