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Actividad y desempleo femenino: un modelo bivariante



    (Departamento de Análisis Económico. Universidad La Laguna (Tenerife))


    (Departamento de Análisis Económico. Universidad La Laguna (Tenerife))


En este trabajo se propone a nivel teórico y econométrico un modelo que permite analizar simultáneamente las variables que influyen en la decisión de una mujer de incorporarse al mercado de trabajo y en sus posibilidades de disponer de un empleo. El modelo consta de dos ecuaciones, una de actividad y otra de ocupación, cuyas perturbaciones aleatorias están correlacionadas, por lo que para estimarlo se hace necesario utilizar una técnica bivariante. Los resultados obtenidos en la aplicación empírica indican que las mujeres jóvenes, solteras, con estudios superiores y experiencia y que no disponen de ingresos no salariales son las que tienen más posibilidades de ser activas. En relación a la ocupación, del examen de la muestra utilizada se extrae que los empresarios prefieren contratar a mujeres solteras, con estudios y experiencia y que no hubieran sido despedidas de su último empleo. This paper proposes a theoretical and econometric model that permits the simultaneous analysis of the variables that influence the decision of women to seek a job and the possibilities of them finding one. This model has two equations, one about the decision to be active and the other about the employer's decision to hire. The random disturbances of both equations are correlated, so a bivariate tecnique must be used for estimation. The results obtained from random application show that young, unmarried women with a college education, and job experience, and those who do not have a non-salary income are the most likely to seek employment. In relation to employment, the study of the sample used indicates that employers would rather hire college educated and job experienced unmarried women who were not fired from their last job.

Suggested Citation

  • Osorno Del Rosal, Mª P. & Navarro Ibáñez, M., 2000. "Actividad y desempleo femenino: un modelo bivariante," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 14, pages 117-136, Abril.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:14_1_4

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Meng, Chun-Lo & Schmidt, Peter, 1985. "On the Cost of Partial Observability in the Bivariate Probit Model," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 26(1), pages 71-85, February.
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    More about this item


    Unemployment; activity; women´s labor situation; bivariate model.;

    JEL classification:

    • C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure


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