Actividad y desempleo femenino: un modelo bivariante
En este trabajo se propone a nivel teórico y econométrico un modelo que permite analizar simultáneamente las variables que influyen en la decisión de una mujer de incorporarse al mercado de trabajo y en sus posibilidades de disponer de un empleo. El modelo consta de dos ecuaciones, una de actividad y otra de ocupación, cuyas perturbaciones aleatorias están correlacionadas, por lo que para estimarlo se hace necesario utilizar una técnica bivariante. Los resultados obtenidos en la aplicación empírica indican que las mujeres jóvenes, solteras, con estudios superiores y experiencia y que no disponen de ingresos no salariales son las que tienen más posibilidades de ser activas. En relación a la ocupación, del examen de la muestra utilizada se extrae que los empresarios prefieren contratar a mujeres solteras, con estudios y experiencia y que no hubieran sido despedidas de su último empleo. This paper proposes a theoretical and econometric model that permits the simultaneous analysis of the variables that influence the decision of women to seek a job and the possibilities of them finding one. This model has two equations, one about the decision to be active and the other about the employer's decision to hire. The random disturbances of both equations are correlated, so a bivariate tecnique must be used for estimation. The results obtained from random application show that young, unmarried women with a college education, and job experience, and those who do not have a non-salary income are the most likely to seek employment. In relation to employment, the study of the sample used indicates that employers would rather hire college educated and job experienced unmarried women who were not fired from their last job.
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Volume (Year): 14 (2000)
Issue (Month): (Abril)
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