IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Un modelo para la industria de papel y cartón en la Unión Europea


  • CHAS AMIL, Mª L.

    (Dpto. de Métodos Cuantitativos para a Economía e a Empresa. Universidad de Santiago de Compostela)


El objetivo principal de este trabajo ha sido modelizar la industria de papel y cartón con el fin de obtener predicciones por países de la Unión Europea de precios y cantidades demandadas, ofertadas, importadas e exportadas de los distintos tipos de papel y cartón para el periodo 1996-2005. El modelo utilizado, PELPS III (Price Endogenous Linear Programming System), es un modelo de equilibrio espacial dinámico basado en métodos econométricos y de programación matemática. Está compuesto de dos fases: una estática y otra dinámica. La solución de la fase estática se obtiene mediante un problema de programación lineal que describe la industria de papel y cartón para un año base (1996) en función de las curvas de oferta y demanda regional, obtenidas mediante métodos econométricos. En la fase dinámica, el problema de equilibrio espacial multiperiodo se rompe en una secuencia de problemas de optimización que se resuelven recursivamente. The main objective of this study is to develop a model for the paper and paperboard industry in order to predict prices and quantities demanded and supplied in the European Union countries from 1996 to 2005. The model used, PELPS III (Price Endogenous Linear Programming System), is a spatial equilibrium model based on econometric methods and mathematical programming. It has two distinct computational phases: a static and dynamic phase. The solution of the static phase is obtained by a linear programming problem which describes the state of the sector at a given point in time. By maximizing the objective function (the net social pay-off), it gives the equilibrium quantities and the corresponding prices that clear all markets at a given point. In its dynamic phase, PELPS III breaks down a multi-period spatial equilibrium problem into a sequence of problems. Thus, the dynamic phase is a succession of static phases, one for each period of forecast.

Suggested Citation

  • Chas Amil, Mª L., 1999. "Un modelo para la industria de papel y cartón en la Unión Europea," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 12, pages 35-52, Julio.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:12_2_6

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Brunetti, Aymo & Weder, Beatrice, 2003. "A free press is bad news for corruption," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(7-8), pages 1801-1824, August.
    2. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes & Cristian Pop-Eleches & Andrei Shleifer, 2004. "Judicial Checks and Balances," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 112(2), pages 445-470, April.
    3. Dani Rodrik & Arvind Subramanian & Francesco Trebbi, 2004. "Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions Over Geography and Integration in Economic Development," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 131-165, June.
    4. Bandeira, Pablo, 2009. "El desarrollo institucional en el contexto de la ineficacia de la ayuda: ¿qué podemos hacer?
      [Promoting institutional development in the context of actual aid ineffectiveness: what can we do?]
      ," MPRA Paper 13372, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Rauch, James E. & Evans, Peter B., 2000. "Bureaucratic structure and bureaucratic performance in less developed countries," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(1), pages 49-71, January.
    6. Commission on Growth and Development, 2008. "The Growth Report : Strategies for Sustained Growth and Inclusive Development," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6507.
    7. Easterly, William & Levine, Ross, 2003. "Tropics, germs, and crops: how endowments influence economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 3-39, January.
    8. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2001. "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(5), pages 1369-1401, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Paper and paperboard; European Union; Partial equilibrium models;

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • L73 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction - - - Forest Products


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:12_2_6. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Beatriz Rodríguez Prado). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.