IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Supervisory Board Qualification of German Banks:Legal Standards and Survey Evidence


  • Tobias Körner

    () (RGS Econ and Staff of German Council of Economic Experts, Gustav-Stresemann-Ring 11, 65189 Wiesbaden)

  • Oliver Müller

    () (Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstraße 150, 44780 Bochum)

  • Stephan Paul

    () (Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstraße 150, 44780 Bochum)

  • Christoph M. Schmidt

    () (RWI, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, German Council of Economic Experts, IZA Bonn, and CEPR London, Hohenzollernstraße 1-3, 45128 Essen)


Improving the regulation of banks has been at the centre of economic policy actions since the outbreak of the global financial crisis. One of the many and conceptually very different measures proposed is to improve the corporate governance of banks by setting qualification standards for banks’ non-executive directors. To explore the rationale of such a regulation implemented in Germany, we conducted a detailed survey among supervisory board members of German banks covering their educational background, professional status and experience, as well as non-occupation related activities. We document that general education among supervisory board members is high, but very few board members can rely on a professional background in banking and finance. This is especially true for chairpersons. A higher share of professionals among board members primarily reflects the presence of employee representatives. The majority of board members reports leadership experience, chairpersons more often than ordinary members. Some of these findings strongly depend on the bank’s legal form, its size and business model, suggesting that both market forces and institutional characteristics of banking markets are important determinants of the qualification level of non-executive directors.

Suggested Citation

  • Tobias Körner & Oliver Müller & Stephan Paul & Christoph M. Schmidt, 2016. "Supervisory Board Qualification of German Banks:Legal Standards and Survey Evidence," Credit and Capital Markets, Credit and Capital Markets, vol. 49(2), pages 299-342.
  • Handle: RePEc:kuk:journl:v:49:y:2016:i:2:p:299-342

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pathan, Shams, 2009. "Strong boards, CEO power and bank risk-taking," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1340-1350, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Körner, Tobias & Müller, Oliver & Paul, Stephan & Schmidt, Christoph M., 2014. "Glas halb voll oder halb leer? Eine Analyse der Qualifikation von Kontrollorganmitgliedern deutscher Banken," RWI Materialien 78, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
    2. repec:zbw:rwimat:078 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Tobias Körner & Oliver Müller & Stephan Paul & Christoph M. Schmidt, 2014. "Glas halb voll oder halb leer? Eine Analyse der Qualifikation von Kontrollorganmitgliedern deutscher Banken," RWI Materialien, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, pages 19, 05.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Owen, Ann L. & Temesvary, Judit, 2018. "The performance effects of gender diversity on bank boards," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 50-63.
    2. Mollah, Sabur & Zaman, Mahbub, 2015. "Shari’ah supervision, corporate governance and performance: Conventional vs. Islamic banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 418-435.
    3. Laura Baselga-Pascual & Antonio Trujillo-Ponce & Emilia Vähämaa & Sami Vähämaa, 2018. "Ethical Reputation of Financial Institutions: Do Board Characteristics Matter?," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 148(3), pages 489-510, March.
    4. Mohsen Afsharian & Anna Kryvko & Peter Reichling, 2011. "Efficiency and Its Impact on the Performance of European Commercial Banks," FEMM Working Papers 110018, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Faculty of Economics and Management.
    5. Alin Marius Andries & Martin Brown, 2017. "Credit booms and busts in emerging markets," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 25(3), pages 377-437, July.
    6. Frank Schmielewski & Thomas Wein, 2015. "Are private banks the better banks? An insight into the principal–agent structure and risk-taking behavior of German banks," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 39(3), pages 518-540, July.
    7. Allen N. Berger & Björn Imbierowicz & Christian Rauch, 2016. "The Roles of Corporate Governance in Bank Failures during the Recent Financial Crisis," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 48(4), pages 729-770, June.
    8. Mohamed Belkhir & Abdelaziz Chazi, 2010. "Compensation Vega, Deregulation, and Risk‐Taking: Lessons from the US Banking Industry," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(9‐10), pages 1218-1247, November.
    9. Wu, Meng-Wen & Shen, Chung Hua, 2019. "Effects of shadow banking on bank risks from the view of capital adequacy," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 176-197.
    10. Diana Zigraiova, 2015. "Management Board Composition of Banking Institutions and Bank Risk-Taking: The Case of the Czech Republic," Working Papers 2015/14, Czech National Bank.
    11. Angelica Gonzalez & Paul André, 2014. "Board Effectiveness and Short Termism," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(1-2), pages 185-209, January.
    12. Khine Kyaw, 2020. "Market Volatility and Investors’ View of Firm-Level Risk: A Case of Green Firms," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(8), pages 1-1, August.
    13. Altunbaş, Yener & Thornton, John & Uymaz, Yurtsev, 2020. "The effect of CEO power on bank risk: Do boards and institutional investors matter?✰," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 33(C).
    14. Słomka-Gołębiowska, Agnieszka & Urbanek, Piotr, 2016. "Corporate boards, large blockholders and executive compensation in banks: Evidence from Poland," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 203-220.
    15. Li, Tongxia & Munir, Qaiser & Abd Karim, Mohd Rahimie, 2017. "Nonlinear relationship between CEO power and capital structure: Evidence from China's listed SMEs," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 1-21.
    16. Hyun, Jung-Soon & Rhee, Byung-Kun, 2011. "Bank capital regulation and credit supply," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 323-330, February.
    17. Anginer, D. & Demirguc-Kunt, A. & Huizinga, H.P. & Ma, K., 2014. "Corporate Governance and Bank Insolvency Risk : International Evidence," Other publications TiSEM eaa7fe1c-5eb5-4c02-9508-8, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    18. Robert Lensink & Roselia Servin & Marrit Berg, 2017. "Do Savings and Credit Institutions Reduce Vulnerability? New Evidence From Mexico," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 63(2), pages 335-352, June.
    19. Liang, Qi & Xu, Pisun & Jiraporn, Pornsit, 2013. "Board characteristics and Chinese bank performance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 2953-2968.
    20. Hagendorff, Jens & Vallascas, Francesco, 2011. "CEO pay incentives and risk-taking: Evidence from bank acquisitions," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 1078-1095, September.

    More about this item


    Non-executive directors; qualification; survey data; banking regulation; German banking system;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:kuk:journl:v:49:y:2016:i:2:p:299-342. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Credit and Capital Markets). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.