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Towards Deeper Financial Integration in Europe: What the Banking Union Can Contribute

Author

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  • Claudia M. Buch

    () (Deutsche Bundesbank, Wilhelm-Epstein-Straße 14, 60431 Frankfurt am Main)

  • Tobias Körner

    () (Staff of German Council of Economic Experts, Gustav-Stresemann-Ring 11, 65189 Wiesbaden)

  • Benjamin Weigert

    () (Staff of German Council of Economic Experts, Gustav-Stresemann-Ring 11, 65189 Wiesbaden)

Abstract

The European Banking Union is a major step forward in fixing major deficiencies in the institutional framework of the Euro area. The absence of effective banking supervision and resolution powers at the European level promoted excessive private risk-taking in the up-run to the Euro crisis. Effective private risk sharing once risks materialized has been hampered. A properly designed Banking Union facilitates and improves private risk sharing, and it is thus a necessary institutional complement to a monetary union. Yet, the institutional framework of the Banking Union needs further strengthening in three regards. First, the supervisory framework needs to ensure uniform supervisory standards for all banks, including those located in non-Euro area countries. Also, conflicts of interest between monetary policy and banking supervision need to be mitigated. Second, bank resolution suffers from a highly complex governance structure. Restructuring and bail-in rules allow for a high degree of discretion at the level of the resolution authority. We propose to introduce a statutory systemic risk exception, by which the exercise of discretion would be reduced, thereby strengthening the credibility of the bail-in. Third, in order to enhance the credibility of creditor involvement, fiscal backstops and ex-ante specified cross-border burden-sharing agreements are needed.

Suggested Citation

  • Claudia M. Buch & Tobias Körner & Benjamin Weigert, 2015. "Towards Deeper Financial Integration in Europe: What the Banking Union Can Contribute," Credit and Capital Markets, Credit and Capital Markets, vol. 48(1), pages 11-49.
  • Handle: RePEc:kuk:journl:v:48:y:2015:i:1:p:11-49
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    Cited by:

    1. Schäfer, David, 2016. "A banking union of ideas? The impact of ordoliberalism and the vicious circle on the EU banking union," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 65875, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. Ansgar Belke & Daniel Gros, 2016. "On the Shock-Absorbing Properties of a Banking Union: Europe Compared with the United States," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 58(3), pages 359-386, September.
    3. Paulo Ferreira, 2017. "Portuguese and Brazilian stock market integration: a non-linear and detrended approach," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer;Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestao, vol. 16(1), pages 49-63, April.
    4. Belke, Ansgar & Gros, Daniel, 2015. "Banking Union as a Shock Absorber," Ruhr Economic Papers 548, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    5. David Schäfer, 2016. "A Banking Union of Ideas? The Impact of Ordoliberalism and the Vicious Circle on the EU Banking Union," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(4), pages 961-980, July.
    6. Claudia Lambert, 2014. "Die Verbindung zwischen Staats- und Bankrisiken: wie kann man diese entkoppeln?," DIW Roundup: Politik im Fokus 11, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    7. Bofinger, Peter & Buch, Claudia M. & Feld, Lars P. & Schmidt, Christoph M. & Wieland, Volker, 2013. "Gegen eine rückwärtsgewandte Wirtschaftspolitik. Jahresgutachten 2013/14," Annual Economic Reports / Jahresgutachten, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, volume 127, number 201314, September.
    8. Priyanshi Gupta & Sanjay Sehgal, 2020. "Convergence of retail banking interest rates to households in euro area: time-varying measurement and determinants," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 17(1), pages 25-65, February.
    9. Bofinger, Peter & Schnabel, Isabel & Feld, Lars P. & Schmidt, Christoph M. & Wieland, Volker, 2014. "Mehr Vertrauen in Marktprozesse. Jahresgutachten 2014/15," Annual Economic Reports / Jahresgutachten, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, volume 127, number 201415, September.
    10. Buch, Claudia M. & Körner, Tobias & Weigert, Benjamin, 2013. "Stellungnahme anlässlich der öffentlichen Anhörung des Finanzausschusses des Deutschen Bundestages am 3. Juni 2013 zum „Entwurf eines Gesetzes zum Vorschlag für eine Verordnung des Rates zur Übertragu," IWH Online 5/2013, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    11. Projektgruppe Gemeinschaftsdiagnose, 2013. "Gemeinschaftsdiagnose Herbst 2013," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 80(43), pages 3-77.
    12. Projektgruppe Gemeinschaftsdiagnose, 2013. "Konjunktur zieht an – Haushaltsüberschüsse sinnvoll nutzen," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 66(20), pages 03-60, October.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    European Banking Union; Single Supervisory Mechanism; Single Resolution Mechanism; risk sharing;

    JEL classification:

    • E02 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Institutions and the Macroeconomy
    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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