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Target-Salden und die deutsche Kapitalbilanz im Zeichen der europäischen Zahlungsbilanzkrise


  • Hans-Werner Sinn

    (ifo Institut – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München e. V., Poschingerstraße 5, D-81679 München)

  • Timo Wollmershäuser

    (ifo Institut – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München e. V., Poschingerstraße 5, 81679 München)


The European Monetary Union is experiencing a serious balance-of-payments crisis. Private capital is flowing from the periphery countries into the core countries on a large scale. Public, inter-government credit and Target credit granted by national central banks is replacing private capital to ensure the existence of the euro. This article identifies the components of Germany’s financial account that have been replaced by public capital flows. Its four key findings can be summarized as follows: firstly, the German private sector has been a net borrower from the rest of the world since 2010. Secondly, public capital outflows via the government sector and the Bundesbank have overcompensated the inflows. Thirdly, German commercial banks in particular have reduced their net lending to the rest of the world and repatriated capital in this manner. Fourthly, the inflow of foreignowned flight capital into Germany is small. Only Spanish and Irish flight capital plays a significant role in this respect.

Suggested Citation

  • Hans-Werner Sinn & Timo Wollmershäuser, 2012. "Target-Salden und die deutsche Kapitalbilanz im Zeichen der europäischen Zahlungsbilanzkrise," Credit and Capital Markets, Credit and Capital Markets, vol. 45(4), pages 465-487.
  • Handle: RePEc:kuk:journl:v:45:y:2012:i:4:p:465-487

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    Cited by:

    1. Rewel, Thomas, 2013. "Target-2-Salden - Fluch oder Segen für das Eurosystem?," EconStor Preprints 97621, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
    2. Beate Sauer & Friedrich Sell & Thomas Werner, 2014. "Modelling the Eurozone as an Extraordinary Exchange Rate Union," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 20(4), pages 357-367, November.
    3. Sebastian Benz, 2012. "Trading Tasks: A Dynamic Theory of Offshoring," ifo Working Paper Series 150, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    4. Wolf, Marvin, 2013. "Währungsunionen und Allmendeproblem," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) dp-521, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    5. repec:kap:iaecre:v:20:y:2014:i:4:p:357-367 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Sauer, Beate & Sell, Friedrich L., 2013. "Is the Eurozone not a monetary union, but an extraordinary exchange rate union?," Working Papers in Economics 2013,2, Bundeswehr University Munich, Economic Research Group.
    7. Hans-Werner Sinn & Timo Wollmershäuser, 2012. "Target Balances and the German Financial Account in Light of the European Balance-of-Payments Crisis," CESifo Working Paper Series 4051, CESifo Group Munich.

    More about this item


    Währungsunion; Zahlungsbilanz; Kapitalbilanz; Kapitalflucht; Target;

    JEL classification:

    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems


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