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Organizational structures of Knowledge Transfer Offices: an analysis of the world’s top-ranked universities

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  • F. Brescia

    () (University of Pavia)

  • G. Colombo

    () (Politecnico di Milano)

  • P. Landoni

    () (Politecnico di Milano)

Abstract

Abstract Universities are central actors in the production and delivery of new knowledge, and they play a unique role in National and Regional Innovation Systems. Almost all research universities have established Knowledge Transfer Offices (KTOs) to pursue their so-called ‘third mission’. This paper analyses the organizational structure of KTOs by discussing how universities organize their knowledge transfer activities, and by considering what factors may impact on the choice of specific organizational structures. We examine the KTO structures of the top 200 ranked universities in the world and highlight the presence of three knowledge transfer organizational models (internal, external, and mix) and six configurations of these models.

Suggested Citation

  • F. Brescia & G. Colombo & P. Landoni, 2016. "Organizational structures of Knowledge Transfer Offices: an analysis of the world’s top-ranked universities," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 41(1), pages 132-151, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jtecht:v:41:y:2016:i:1:d:10.1007_s10961-014-9384-5
    DOI: 10.1007/s10961-014-9384-5
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Knowledge Transfer Organization (KTO); TTO; Technology transfer; Organizational model; Higher education institution; University;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions

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