Humankapital im Ost-West-Vergleich: Leichtes Aufholen in den Neuen Bundesländern
The endowment with human capital is not only a factor that strongly influences the region’s current economical potential, but also has a considerable effect on its future economical potential, i.o.w. economic growth. Human capital describes the employable peoples’ skills and their personal knowledge, which can be used in the production of goods and services as well as in the further development of them. The public debate about East Germany’s economic development is referring to this crucial relation when exposing the problems of the medium-term development of the supply of professionals or the firm’s research- and development intensity. For a better assessment of the situation on the aggregation level of the New Laender this article attempts to estimate the human capital endowment and its evolution over time in comparison to West Germany. The average human capital of the employed persons and the labour force potential is estimated by means of the earned income for East and West Germany separately. As a result the average human capital of the employed persons can be shown to have risen slightly from 1995 to 2004 in East Germany while there is nearly no increase in West Germany. This may be considered as a catching-up process, without already having led to equalization.
Volume (Year): 16 (2010)
Issue (Month): 7 ()
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