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Lohnabstandsgebot kein hinreichendes Kriterium für positive Arbeitsanreize im Niedriglohnbereich

  • Hilmar Schneider
  • Wolfram Kempe

Mit einem mikroökonomischen Arbeitsangebotsmodell wird gezeigt, dass das Lohnabstandsangebot zwischen Sozialhilfe und Erwerbseinkommen zwar ein notwendiges Kriterium ist, um einen positiven Anreiz zur Erwerbsaufnahme potentieller Niedriglohnbezieher auszuüben, jedoch kein hinreichendes. Der Abstand Ende 2001 wird für einige Branchen ermittelt. Der Umstand, dass dieser Abstand in einigen Fällen sogar negativ ist, wirkt um so schwerwiegender, als das erzielbare Erwerbseinkommen relativ deutlich über dem Lohnersatzeinkommen in Form der Sozialhilfe liegen müsste. Eine Beschäftigung lohnt sich in finanzieller Hinsicht am ehesten für alleinlebende Sozialhilfeempfänger, während für Familien mit mehreren Kindern nicht einmal das notwendige Kriterium des positiven Lohnabstandes immer erfüllt ist.

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Article provided by Halle Institute for Economic Research in its journal Wirtschaft im Wandel.

Volume (Year): 8 (2002)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 85-91

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Handle: RePEc:iwh:iwhwiw:4-02-3
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