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Fertility and population policy

Author

Listed:
  • Abdoulaye Ouedraogo

    (The World Bank, Washington, USA)

  • Mehmet S. Tosun

    (University of Nevada, Reno, Department of Economics, College of Business, University of Nevada-Reno, USA)

  • Jingjing Yang

    (University of Nevada, Reno, Department of Economics, College of Business, University of Nevada-Reno, USA)

Abstract

There have been significant changes in both the fertility rates and fertility perception since 1970s. In this paper, we examine the relationship between government policies towards fertility and the fertility trends. Total fertility rate, defined as the number of children per woman, is used as the main fertility trend variable. We use panel data from the United Nations World Population Policies database, and the World Bank World Development Indicators for the period 1976 through 2013. We find a significant negative association between a country’s fertility rate and its anti-fertility policy. On the other hand, there is no significant and robust relationship between the fertility rate and a country’s pro-fertility or family-planning policies. In addition we find evidence of spatial autocorrelation in the total fertility rate, and spatial spillovers from a government’s policy on fertility.

Suggested Citation

  • Abdoulaye Ouedraogo & Mehmet S. Tosun & Jingjing Yang, 2018. "Fertility and population policy," Public Sector Economics, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 42(42), pages 21-43.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipf:psejou:v:42:y:2018:i:42:p:21-43
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Pritchett, Lant H. & DEC, 1994. "Desired fertility and the impact of population policies," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1273, The World Bank.
    2. Jungho Kim & Alexia Prskawetz, 2010. "External Shocks, Household Consumption and Fertility in Indonesia," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 29(4), pages 503-526, August.
    3. James Feyrer & Bruce Sacerdote & Ariel Dora Stern, 2008. "Will the Stork Return to Europe and Japan? Understanding Fertility within Developed Nations," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 22(3), pages 3-22, Summer.
    4. Easterly, William & Levine, Ross, 1998. "Troubles with the Neighbours: Africa's Problem, Africa's Opportunity," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 7(1), pages 120-142, March.
    5. Olivier Parent & Abdallah Zouache, 2012. "Geography versus Institutions: New Perspectives on the Growth of Africa and the Middle East," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 168(3), pages 488-518, September.
    6. Noriyuki Takayama & Martin Werding (ed.), 2011. "Fertility and Public Policy: How to Reverse the Trend of Declining Birth Rates," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262014513.
    7. Assaf Razin & Efraim Sadka, 1995. "Population Economics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262181606.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    fertility rate; population; government policies;

    JEL classification:

    • H10 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - General
    • H59 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Other
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy

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