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Design Architecture and Introduction Timing for Rapidly Improving Industrial Products

Author

Listed:
  • Karthik Ramachandran

    () (Cox School of Business, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas 75275)

  • V. Krishnan

    () (Rady School of Management, University of California, San Diego, California 92093)

Abstract

Technological advances present firms in many industries with opportunities to substantially improve their product's capabilities in short periods of time. Customers who invest in these products may, however, react adversely to rapid improvements that make their previous versions obsolete by deferring their purchase. In industrial markets, there is an emerging trend of sequentially improving products designed to be upgraded in a modular fashion. We study the impact of product architecture and introduction timing on the launch of rapidly improving products. We find that by localizing performance improvements in a sequence of upgradable modules of the product, a firm can better manage the introduction of rapidly improving products. Specifically, we show that modular upgradability can reduce the need for slowing the pace of innovation or forgoing upgrade pricing. The additional flexibility in pricing and timing makes the modular, upgradable approach preferable to an integrated architecture, even in some situations where there may be distinct performance or cost-related disadvantages to pursuing the modular architecture. We differentiate between proprietary and nonproprietary approaches to modular upgradability and consider the implications for profits. Our central contribution in this paper is the innovative integration of product architecture with pricing and timing decisions for managing the introduction of rapidly improving products.

Suggested Citation

  • Karthik Ramachandran & V. Krishnan, 2008. "Design Architecture and Introduction Timing for Rapidly Improving Industrial Products," Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, INFORMS, vol. 10(1), pages 149-171, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormsom:v:10:y:2008:i:1:p:149-171
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/msom.1060.0143
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sumitro Banerjee & David A. Soberman, 2013. "Product development capability and marketing strategy for new durable products," ESMT Research Working Papers ESMT-13-01, ESMT European School of Management and Technology.
    2. Vish Krishnan & Karthik Ramachandran, 2011. "Integrated Product Architecture and Pricing for Managing Sequential Innovation," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 57(11), pages 2040-2053, November.
    3. repec:kap:qmktec:v:15:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11129-017-9186-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Chen, Chialin & Liu, Lucy Qian, 2014. "Pricing and quality decisions and financial incentives for sustainable product design with recycled material content under price leadership," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 147(PC), pages 666-677.

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