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Competition, Takeovers, and Gender Discrimination

  • Fredrik Heyman
  • Helena Svaleryd
  • Jonas Vlachos

Theories of taste-based discrimination predict that competitive pressures will drive discriminatory behavior out of the market. Using detailed matched employer-employee data, we analyze how firm takeovers and product market competition affect firms' gender composition and gender wage gap. Taking into account several endogeneity concerns while using a difference-in-difference framework, we find that the share of female employees increases as a result of an ownership change when product market competition is weak. Furthermore, we find that a takeover reduces the gender wage gap. While the estimated effects are small, the results support the main theoretical predictions.

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Article provided by ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School in its journal ILR Review.

Volume (Year): 66 (2013)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 409-432

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Handle: RePEc:ilr:articl:v:66:y:2013:i:2:p:409-432
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