The gender gap in earnings during World War II: New evidence
Contrary to the widely held belief that women's earnings rose relative to men's during World War II because of women's unprecedented movement into heavy manufacturing industries, the author of this study finds that the national all-industry earnings of women during the war fell compared to those of men. In Pennsylvania, Illinois, and New York, the relative weekly and annual earnings of female manufacturing workers rose, but at a rate below that of the long-term trend. Overall, the decline in women's weekly and annual earnings compared to men's probably resulted from the relative increase in men's hours worked-a result of state protective legislation that limited women's hours of work. (Abstract courtesy JSTOR.)
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Volume (Year): 42 (1989)
Issue (Month): 3 (April)
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