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La Estrategia De Outsourcing Internacional En España: Una Aproximación A Los Sectores Manufactureros Tradicionales / The Strategy Of International Outsourcing In Spain: An Approximation To The Traditional Manufacturing Industries

  • Linares Navarro, E.

    ()

    (Universidad de Valencia (España))

  • Pla Barber, J.

    ()

    (Universidad de Valencia (España))

  • Puig Blanco, F

    ()

    (Universidad de Valencia (España))

Registered author(s):

    En los últimos años el uso por parte de las empresas de la estrategia de outsourcing en sus dos vertientes (nacional e internacional)1 está siendo una práctica habitual en los países desarrollados, especialmente en los sectores manufactureros tradicionales. Dado el desarrollo experimentado y las implicaciones técnico-productivas y sociales que se derivan de su implementación, en este trabajo analizamos cuál ha sido la tendencia de esa estrategia en estos sectores durante el periodo 1985-2004 y contrastamos qué relación existe entre ésta y dos de sus principales factores determinantes: el tamaño y la experiencia internacional. De los resultados más generales se desprende que el outsourcing muestra un desarrollo claramente alcista. Respecto a sus determinantes, se contrasta la influencia negativa del tamaño en el uso del outsourcing global y se observa una significativa relación positiva entre el outsourcing internacional y la experiencia internacional de la empresa. / In recent years, the outsourcing strategy, in its two dimensions (national and international) is being a common practice in companies from developed countries, mainly in traditional manufacturing industries. In this paper we analyze the evolution of the strategy in these sectors over 1985-2004 and the relationship between this strategy and two of its main determinants: size and international experience. The results show that the use of outsourcing has an increasing trend. Moreover, it contrasts the negative influence of size on the use of global sourcing and the significant positive relationship between international outsourcing and international experience of the company.

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    Article provided by Academia Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa (AEDEM) in its journal Investigaciones Europeas de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa.

    Volume (Year): 15 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 55-67

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    Handle: RePEc:idi:jiedee:v:15:y:2009:i:3:p:55-67
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Investigaciones Europeas de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Vigo, Lagoas - Marcosende s/n, E-36310, Vigo, Pontevedra, España
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    Web page: http://www.aedem-virtual.com/es/journal/iedee

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    1. Holl, Adelheid, 2008. "Production subcontracting and location," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 299-309, May.
    2. Tomiura, Eiichi, 2005. "Foreign outsourcing and firm-level characteristics: Evidence from Japanese manufacturers," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 255-271, June.
    3. Görg, Holger & Hanley, Aoife, 2004. "Does Outsourcing Increase Profitability?," IZA Discussion Papers 1372, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Paul M Swamidass & Masaaki Kotabe, 1993. "Component Sourcing Strategies of Multinationals: An Empirical Study of European and Japanese Multinationals," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 24(1), pages 81-99, March.
    5. Sourafel Girma & Holger Görg, 2004. "Outsourcing, Foreign Ownership, and Productivity: Evidence from UK Establishment-level Data," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(5), pages 817-832, November.
    6. Gorzig, Bernd & Andreas Stephan, 2003. "Outsourcing and Firm-level Performance," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2003 90, Royal Economic Society.
    7. Holger Görg & Frances Ruane, 2000. "An Analysis of Backward Linkages in the Irish Electronics Sector," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 31(3), pages 215-235.
    8. C. Díaz-Mora & A. Triguero-Cano, 2012. "Why do some firms contract out production? Evidence from firm-level panel data," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(13), pages 1631-1644, May.
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