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Fuzzy Set Approach to Multidimensional Poverty Decomposition in Rural Nigeria


  • T O Oyekale
  • F Y Okunmadewa
  • B T Omonona
  • O A Oni


Poverty is a serious problem in Nigeria and the rural areas are the most affected ones. Recent literature emphasizes the multidimensional nature of poverty. This study analyzes multidimensional poverty in Nigeria using the 2006 Core Welfare Indicator Questionnaire (CWIQ) Survey data. Fuzzy set approach was used to assess the poverty profile of the rural households in Nigeria. The study decomposes multidimensional poverty across the zones, states, and the socioeconomic groups of rural households. It further decomposes the absolute and relative contributions of welfare indicators to multidimensional deprivations. The result shows that the multidimensional poverty index for rural Nigeria is 0.3796. It is also reflected that certain requirements such as health care, public transportation, supply of drinking water, food, all-season roads, and primary schools are important in solving multidimensional poverty in the rural areas. Multidimensional approach (fuzzy set) is very useful in implementing socioeconomic policies to reduce poverty diffusion. It is important that the government should look into the problems relating to housing and sanitation. The rural infrastructure should also be improved upon.

Suggested Citation

  • T O Oyekale & F Y Okunmadewa & B T Omonona & O A Oni, 2009. "Fuzzy Set Approach to Multidimensional Poverty Decomposition in Rural Nigeria," The IUP Journal of Agricultural Economics, IUP Publications, vol. 0(3-4), pages 7-44, July-Octo.
  • Handle: RePEc:icf:icfjag:v:06:y:2009:i:3-4:p:7-44

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Harvey, Andrew & Koopman, Siem Jan & Riani, Marco, 1997. "The Modeling and Seasonal Adjustment of Weekly Observations," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 15(3), pages 354-368, July.
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    5. Ana I. Sanjuán & P. J. Dawson, 2003. "Price transmission, BSE and structural breaks in the UK meat sector," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 30(2), pages 155-172, June.
    6. Timothy J. Richards & Paul M. Patterson, 2005. "Retail Price Fixity as a Facilitating Mechanism," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 87(1), pages 85-102.
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    Cited by:

    1. Oni, Omobowale A. & Adepoju, Temitayo A., 2011. "A capability approach to the analysis of rural households' wellbeing in Nigeria," MPRA Paper 34508, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Temitayo, Adenike Adeyemo & Oni, Omobowale A, 2013. "A Functioning Approach to Well Being Analysis in Rural Nigeria," Sustainable Agriculture Research, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 2(1).
    3. Ajakaiye, Olu & Jerome, Afeikhena T. & Olaniyan, Olanrewaju & Mahrt, Kristi & Alaba, Olufunke A., 2014. "Multidimensional poverty in Nigeria: First order dominance approach," WIDER Working Paper Series 143, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

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