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Estimating Growth Rates and Decomposition Analysis of Food Grains Production in India


  • Gyan Prakash
  • Ram Kumar Jha
  • R C Sharma


The main objectives of this study are to examine: (1) the growth and pattern in India's food grain production and (2) the decomposition of the total yield increases into pure yield effect and cropping pattern. The present study is based on secondary data for the last 44 years, i.e, from 1955-56 to 1998-99. The study shows that there is, in fact, some deceleration from Pre-green Revolution Period to the Green Revolution Period, coming substantially from a decline in the growth rate of area in the Post-green Revolution Period/Pre-economic Reform Period and Post-economic Reform Period. The major contribution of output is through yield increase. The first order interaction of yield and cropping pattern was a major factor for the growth of food grain output. Therefore, the future effort should be made to stabilize and expand the area of food grains along with increasing yield level. For this, modern technology of agriculture should be promoted, which consists of pest and disease resistant varieties.

Suggested Citation

  • Gyan Prakash & Ram Kumar Jha & R C Sharma, 2006. "Estimating Growth Rates and Decomposition Analysis of Food Grains Production in India," The IUP Journal of Agricultural Economics, IUP Publications, vol. 0(1), pages 40-51, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:icf:icfjag:v:03:y:2006:i:1:p:40-51

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