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The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Women in Africa: A Case Study on Eritrea


  • Ravinder Rena


The HIV/AIDS is a pandemic that is engulfing many developing countries of Africa, particularly South Africa, Ethiopia, Botswana, Swaziland and Uganda. Eritrea, a young nation in Africa has over 70,000 adults currently infected with HIV/AIDS and the number is progressively increasing. Nationally, women make-up almost 59% of the total reported AIDS cases. Women are over-represented as victims of AIDS because they are biologically more vulnerable than men to sexually transmitted diseases and physically more susceptible to AIDS. Over 70% of the cases reported fall in the age group of 20-39 years, of which 60% are males and 40% are females. The study mainly deals with the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Africa. As part of the study, data were collected from both primary and secondary sources. The paper delves into the pandemic and its impact on women in Africa, with particular reference to Eritrea. It highlights the challenges of the pandemic and its impact on human capital and concludes with some policy implications to improve the situation in Africa, especially in Eritrea.

Suggested Citation

  • Ravinder Rena, 2008. "The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Women in Africa: A Case Study on Eritrea," The IUP Journal of Applied Economics, IUP Publications, vol. 0(1), pages 120-129, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:icf:icfjae:v:07:y:2008:i:1:p:120-129

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Heckman, James J. & Lochner, Lance J. & Todd, Petra E., 2006. "Earnings Functions, Rates of Return and Treatment Effects: The Mincer Equation and Beyond," Handbook of the Economics of Education, Elsevier.
    2. Almas Heshmati, 2003. "Productivity Growth, Efficiency and Outsourcing in Manufacturing and Service Industries," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(1), pages 79-112, February.
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