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Beschäftigungs- und Lohnwirkungen von betrieblichen Reorganisationsprozessen (Employment and wage effects of reorganisation of firms)

Author

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  • Bellmann, Lutz

    () (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

Abstract

"Organizational change is characterized by different measures of business policy, work organization and personnel policy, e.g. delayering, teamwork, job-rotation, further training and education, incentive payment and flexible working time. These measures work both, alone and in combination, on employment and remuneration of employees of different skill levels. Relocation of responsibilities, team work or close customer contact call for communication skills, social competence, judgment, initiative, creativity and even the individual capacity to work in teams. If these skills are rather attributed to highly qualified workers, an enterprise may be strived to establish a higher qualification level after an organizational change. Against this background the hypothesis seems to be justified to assume, that organizational change causes adverse employment effects for low skilled workers. Based on linked employer-employee data of the Institute of Employment Research (IAB) Nuremberg, built with the IAB Establishment Panel and the employment statistics register, positive effects of organizational change on labour demand can be shown. No empirical evidence could be found for a skill bias caused by organizational change in this respect. The demand functions, deducted from the generalized 'Leontief'-cost function, have been estimated for four skill levels as seemingly unrelated regressions (SUR). Our results indicate a significant influence of these variables, which measure reorganizational change. Evidence for a skill bias of reorganizational measures could not be found. Moreover positive effects on wages and stabilizing effects on employment appeared more often among middle or highly educated employees. This result corroborates the hypothesis of a skill biased organizational change. Clearly destabilizing effects on employment for low skilled workers could not be found in this study, despite using alternative methodological approaches." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Suggested Citation

  • Bellmann, Lutz, 2011. "Beschäftigungs- und Lohnwirkungen von betrieblichen Reorganisationsprozessen (Employment and wage effects of reorganisation of firms)," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 44(1/2), pages 65-72.
  • Handle: RePEc:iab:iabzaf:v:2011:i:1/2:p:65-72
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ronald Bachmann, 2005. "Labour Market Dynamics in Germany: Hirings, Separations, and Job-to-Job Transitions over the Business Cycle," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2005-045, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    2. Royalty, Anne Beeson, 1998. "Job-to-Job and Job-to-Nonemployment Turnover by Gender and Education Level," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(2), pages 392-443, April.
    3. Boris Hirsch & Thorsten Schank & Claus Schnabel, 2010. "Differences in Labor Supply to Monopsonistic Firms and the Gender Pay Gap: An Empirical Analysis Using Linked Employer-Employee Data from Germany," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 28(2), pages 291-330, April.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Arbeitsorganisation; organisatorischer Wandel; Betrieb; Beschäftigungseffekte; Einkommenseffekte; Gruppenarbeit; job rotation; Leistungslohn; Arbeitszeitflexibilität; Qualifikationsanforderungen; Qualifikationsanpassung; soziale Qualifikation; Schlüsselqualifikation; Niedrigqualifizierte; Ungelernte; Angelernte; IAB-Linked-Employer-Employee-Datensatz; Personalbedarf; Qualifikationsstruktur; Beschäftigtenstruktur; Lohnpolitik; Arbeitsmarktpolitik;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy

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