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Unternehmensgröße und Entlohnung


  • Gerlach, Knut
  • Schmidt, Elke Maria


"Der vorliegende Beitrag behandelt den für mehrere Länder festgestellten empirischen Befund, daß große Firmen im allgemeinen höhere Löhne zahlen als kleine Firmen. Nach einer Diskussion der verschiedenen theoretischen Versuche, diese empirische Tatsache zu erklären, werden die einzelnen theoretischen Argumente empirisch überprüft. Als Datengrundlage dienen die Individualdaten der ersten vier Wellen des Sozio-ökonomischen Panels. Methodisch werden Varianzanalysen, Korrelations- und Regressionsanalysen, einschließlich der Schätzung von Fixed-Effects und Random-Effects Modellen verwendet. Die empirische Analyse zeigt, daß erhebliche positive Effekte der Firmengröße auf die Entlohnung erhalten bleiben, auch wenn kontrolliert wird für - die Qualifikation der Arbeitnehmer - die Unterschiede in den Arbeitsbedingungen - die Betriebszugehörigkeitsdauer und Fluktuation - die monetären Zusatzleistungen von Firmen - die Heterogenität der Arbeitnehmer - die Monopolmacht von Betrieben. Der Beitrag schließt mit einigen Vorschlägen für die weitere Forschung auf diesem Gebiet." (Autorenreferat)

Suggested Citation

  • Gerlach, Knut & Schmidt, Elke Maria, 1989. "Unternehmensgröße und Entlohnung," Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 22(3), pages 355-373.
  • Handle: RePEc:iab:iabmit:v:1989:i:3:p:355-373

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1987. "The Causes and Consequences of the Dependence of Quality on Price," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 25(1), pages 1-48, March.
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    3. Oi, Walter Y, 1983. "Heterogeneous Firms and the Organization of Production," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 21(2), pages 147-171, April.
    4. Salop, Steven C, 1979. "A Model of the Natural Rate of Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(1), pages 117-125, March.
    5. Strand, Jon, 1987. "The Relationship between Wages and Firm Size: An Information Theoretic Analysis," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 28(1), pages 51-68, February.
    6. George A. Akerlof, 1982. "Labor Contracts as Partial Gift Exchange," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 97(4), pages 543-569.
    7. Brown, Charles & Medoff, James, 1989. "The Employer Size-Wage Effect," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(5), pages 1027-1059, October.
    8. David S. Evans & Linda S. Leighton, 1989. "Why Do Smaller Firms Pay Less?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 24(2), pages 299-318.
    9. Masters, Stanley H, 1969. "An Interindustry Analysis of Wages and Plant Size," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 51(3), pages 341-345, August.
    10. Hashimoto, Masanori & Raisian, John, 1985. "Employment Tenure and Earnings Profiles in Japan and the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 721-735, September.
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    Lohnhöhe; Unternehmensgröße;


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