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Unternehmensgröße und Entlohnung

  • Gerlach, Knut
  • Schmidt, Elke Maria
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    "Der vorliegende Beitrag behandelt den für mehrere Länder festgestellten empirischen Befund, daß große Firmen im allgemeinen höhere Löhne zahlen als kleine Firmen. Nach einer Diskussion der verschiedenen theoretischen Versuche, diese empirische Tatsache zu erklären, werden die einzelnen theoretischen Argumente empirisch überprüft. Als Datengrundlage dienen die Individualdaten der ersten vier Wellen des Sozio-ökonomischen Panels. Methodisch werden Varianzanalysen, Korrelations- und Regressionsanalysen, einschließlich der Schätzung von Fixed-Effects und Random-Effects Modellen verwendet. Die empirische Analyse zeigt, daß erhebliche positive Effekte der Firmengröße auf die Entlohnung erhalten bleiben, auch wenn kontrolliert wird für - die Qualifikation der Arbeitnehmer - die Unterschiede in den Arbeitsbedingungen - die Betriebszugehörigkeitsdauer und Fluktuation - die monetären Zusatzleistungen von Firmen - die Heterogenität der Arbeitnehmer - die Monopolmacht von Betrieben. Der Beitrag schließt mit einigen Vorschlägen für die weitere Forschung auf diesem Gebiet." (Autorenreferat)

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    Article provided by Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] in its journal Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung.

    Volume (Year): 22 (1989)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 355-373

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    Handle: RePEc:iab:iabmit:v:1989:i:3:p:355-373
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    1. Charles Brown & James L. Medoff, 1989. "The Employer Size-Wage Effect," NBER Working Papers 2870, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Masters, Stanley H, 1969. "An Interindustry Analysis of Wages and Plant Size," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 51(3), pages 341-45, August.
    3. Salop, Steven C, 1979. "A Model of the Natural Rate of Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(1), pages 117-25, March.
    4. Yellen, Janet L, 1984. "Efficiency Wage Models of Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(2), pages 200-205, May.
    5. Barron, John M & Black, Dan A & Loewenstein, Mark A, 1987. "Employer Size: The Implications for Search, Training, Capital Investment, Starting Wages, and Wage Growth," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 5(1), pages 76-89, January.
    6. repec:tpr:qjecon:v:97:y:1982:i:4:p:543-69 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Halvorsen, Robert & Palmquist, Raymond, 1980. "The Interpretation of Dummy Variables in Semilogarithmic Equations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(3), pages 474-75, June.
    8. Hashimoto, Masanori & Raisian, John, 1985. "Employment Tenure and Earnings Profiles in Japan and the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 721-35, September.
    9. Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1987. "The Causes and Consequences of the Dependence of Quality on Price," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 25(1), pages 1-48, March.
    10. Strand, Jon, 1987. "The Relationship between Wages and Firm Size: An Information Theoretic Analysis," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 28(1), pages 51-68, February.
    11. Oi, Walter Y, 1983. "Heterogeneous Firms and the Organization of Production," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 21(2), pages 147-71, April.
    12. Robert S. Smith, 1979. "Compensating wage differentials and public policy: A review," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 32(3), pages 339-362, April.
    13. Evans, David S. & Leighton, Linda S., 1987. "Why do Smaller Firms Pay Less?," Working Papers 87-19, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
    14. Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-44, June.
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