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Human Capital In Mexico Within The Framework Of The Knowledge-Based Economy: A Review Of Science And Tecnology Indicators

Author

Listed:
  • Jorge Romero Amado

    (Facultad de Economía de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla, México.)

  • Vania López Toache

    (Facultad de Economía de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla, México.)

  • María Eugenia Martínez De Ita

    (Facultad de Economía de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla, México.)

Abstract

Cognitive abilities have become a key element in economies as a source of sustainable growth. In order to reach a knowledge-based economy, a number of issues are needed such as the institutional framework, education, infrastructure, new technologies, and the macroeconomic environment. The present work addresses the situation and analyzes the promotion and development in Mexico of human capital, since it creates and materializes knowledge. Indicators are reviewed to know the situation in the generation of qualified personnel such as: graduates of higher level of education, personnel in Research and Development, expenditure in education, innovation in the industry, etc. The evidence suggests that in Mexico there is no adequate context for the development of human capital and the influence of knowledge in the country's economic system is nil. Public policies have not been effective in underpinning the generation of knowledge.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Romero Amado & Vania López Toache & María Eugenia Martínez De Ita, 2018. "Human Capital In Mexico Within The Framework Of The Knowledge-Based Economy: A Review Of Science And Tecnology Indicators," Economia Coyuntural,Revista de temas de perspectivas y coyuntura, Instituto de Investigaciones Economicas y Sociales 'Jose Ortiz Mercado' (IIES-JOM), Facultad de Ciencias Economicas, Administrativas y Financieras, Universidad Autonoma Gabriel Rene Moreno, vol. 3(1), pages 1-36.
  • Handle: RePEc:grm:ecoyun:201801
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Neil M. Coe & Peter Dicken & Martin Hess, 2008. "Global production networks: realizing the potential," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 8(3), pages 271-295, May.
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    5. Carl Dahlman & Anuja Utz, 2005. "India and the Knowledge Economy : Leveraging Strengths and Opportunities," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 7356.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Knowledge; services; human capital; science and technology; production.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • L84 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Personal, Professional, and Business Services
    • P36 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty

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