IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/gig/soaktu/v15y2007i6p5-30.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Elite Rule and the Resource Curse: Obstacles to Local Development in the Philippines

Author

Listed:
  • Andreas Lange

Abstract

Spatial socio-economic imbalances represent a major obstacle to development in the Philippines. In the last decades, only a few provinces narrowed the gap to the Philippine average per capita income. Cebu Province in the Central Visayas Region belongs to the “success stories”, as it quickly industrialized after the Marcos era. In contrast, the neighboring province Leyte in Eastern Visayas remained oriented to natural resource extraction causing real income to stagnate. A major reason for this diverging development path can be found in differing local elite structures, which emerged as a result of different historical experiences. The elite in Cebu invested into non-natural resource sectors due to the relative resource scarcity of the island after the province’s opening to the world market at the end of the nineteenth century. This created oligopolistic competition between elite families, as no family could dominate its rivals. This competition forced elites to take more development-friendly decisions to win over the electorate. In Leyte, on the contrary, the resource abundance became a ‘curse’. Competition within the Leyte elite remained low, as a few families enjoyed monopolistic political control over the island during important phases of the twentieth century. This kept the local elite from diversifying its investments into services or industry and cemented a local resource-dependent rent economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Andreas Lange, 2007. "Elite Rule and the Resource Curse: Obstacles to Local Development in the Philippines," Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, Institute of Asian Studies, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, vol. 26(6), pages 5-30.
  • Handle: RePEc:gig:soaktu:v:15:y:2007:i:6:p:5-30
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:gig:soaktu:v:15:y:2007:i:6:p:5-30. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Marco Bünte) or (Howard Loewen). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/dueiide.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.