IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/gam/joitmc/v4y2018i3p33-d162452.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Framing Open Innovation in Start-Ups’ Incubators: A Complexity Theory Perspective

Author

Listed:
  • Cinzia Battistella

    () (Department of Information Engineering and Mathematical Sciences, University of Siena, 53100 Siena, Italy)

  • Alberto F. De Toni

    () (Polytechnic Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Udine, 33100 Udine, Italy)

  • Elena Pessot

    () (Polytechnic Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Udine, 33100 Udine, Italy)

Abstract

Recently, concepts and principles from the Complexity Theory (or, generally speaking, the complexity sciences) have been applied as a perspective for capturing the influence of the context, interaction, and adaption in the innovation processes, such as the ones enabled in the business incubators. The purpose of this paper is to implement a frame of reference for understanding the start-ups’ incubator as a complex system where innovation, learning, and self-organization take place. We build on the interfaces between the Complexity Theory (i.e., complexity sciences) and Open Innovation literature to identify principles, patterns, and conditions that frame the incubation practices as simple rules aimed to sustain the innovation process towards the creation of new ventures. Results from the multiple case studies conducted in five incubators show that the features of variety, nonlinear interaction, interdependence, autonomy, and emergence of the incubation process framed as a complex system are enabled in different ways by the combination of the open innovation practices and services provided by the start-ups’ incubators, including the provision of physical infrastructure, access to funding streams, experts/entrepreneurs networking, education/workshops, mentorship, and advice.

Suggested Citation

  • Cinzia Battistella & Alberto F. De Toni & Elena Pessot, 2018. "Framing Open Innovation in Start-Ups’ Incubators: A Complexity Theory Perspective," Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(3), pages 1-14, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:joitmc:v:4:y:2018:i:3:p:33-:d:162452
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2199-8531/4/3/33/pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2199-8531/4/3/33/
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Albino, Vito & Carbonara, Nunzia & Giannoccaro, Ilaria, 2006. "Innovation in industrial districts: An agent-based simulation model," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(1), pages 30-45, November.
    2. Sun, Jiazhe & Wu, Shunan & Yang, Kaizhong, 2018. "An ecosystemic framework for business sustainability," Business Horizons, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 59-72.
    3. Danny Soetanto & Sarah Jack, 2013. "Business incubators and the networks of technology-based firms," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 38(4), pages 432-453, August.
    4. JinHyo Joseph Yun & EuiSeob Jeong & ChangHwan Lee & JinSeu Park & Xiaofei Zhao, 2017. "Effect of Distance on Open Innovation: Differences among Institutions According to Patent Citation and Reference," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(8), pages 1-15, August.
    5. Russell, Martha G. & Smorodinskaya, Nataliya V., 2018. "Leveraging complexity for ecosystemic innovation," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 136(C), pages 114-131.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    open innovation; business incubator; complexity sciences; practices; case study;

    JEL classification:

    • M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:gam:joitmc:v:4:y:2018:i:3:p:33-:d:162452. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (XML Conversion Team). General contact details of provider: https://www.mdpi.com/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.