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Justice for the Environment: Developing a Set of Indicators of Environmental Justice for Scotland


  • Helen Todd
  • Christos Zografos


This paper explores the context of environmental justice (EJ) in Scotland, and presents a case study whereby the main attributes for an indicator of EJ were identified, encompassing procedural and distributive aspects of justice. Through a participatory process, weights were assigned using a Multi-Criteria Analysis tool, the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). Results show that overall, environmental injustices are mostly associated by respondents to unequal distribution of health burdens due to pollution, yet greater weight is attached to procedural justice by community environmental activists. The paper suggests that AHP may be applied to many situations and could form a basis for the development of tools to address and deliver EJ in Scotland.

Suggested Citation

  • Helen Todd & Christos Zografos, 2005. "Justice for the Environment: Developing a Set of Indicators of Environmental Justice for Scotland," Environmental Values, White Horse Press, vol. 14(4), pages 483-501, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:env:journl:ev13:ev1426

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    More about this item


    Environmental justice; indicator; Analytical Hierarchy Process;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development


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