Instability of stock beta in Dhaka Stock Exchange, Bangladesh
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the nature and extent of instability of capital asset pricing model (CAPM) beta in a small emerging capital market. Design/methodology/approach – Inter-period as well as intra beta instability are examined. Inter-period instability is examined by Mann-Whitney z-scores and Blume's regressions. Intra-period beta instability is examined using Bruesch-Pagan LM test and Chow break point test. Robustness tests are performed applying time-varying parameter models. Findings – Beta instability increases with increase in holding (sample) periods. There is evidence of inter-period as well as intra-period beta instability. Analysis of the full eight-year interval reveals a very high incidence of beta instability, namely, about 26 per cent of the individual stocks tested and about 31 per cent of individual stocks have structural break. The extent of beta instability does not significantly decline when corrected for non-synchronous trading and thin trading as represented by Dimson beta. However, the extent of beta instability is similar to that of developed market. Time-varying parameter model under Kalman filter approach using AR(1) specification performs better than any other models in terms of in-sample forecast errors. Dominance of AR(1) approach suggests that stock betas in DSE are time varying, and shocks to the conditional beta have some degree of persistence which ultimately reverts to a mean. This result is in contrast to the findings of Faff et al. revealing the dominance of Random Walk specification in Australian market, suggesting that shocks to stock beta in Australian market persist indefinitely into the future. These contrasting findings may indicate that beta instability in different markets and for different stocks in the same market are of different nature and different models may be suitable for different markets and different stocks in the same market in capturing the time-varying nature of beta coefficients. Research limitations/implications – This study covers only 110 stocks of Dhaka Stock Exchange. It can be extended to include more stocks. The study can also be done in other developing markets. Originality/value – While the issues of beta instability have been extensively explored for developed markets, evidence for emerging markets is less readily available. The present study contributes to the emerging market literature on beta instability by investigating the extent of beta instability and its time-varying properties in Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE), Bangladesh. Understanding the systematic risk behaviour of individual stocks in DSE is important for both local and international investors. With the saturation of investment opportunities in developed markets due to their high integration, and with the enhanced deregulation and liberalization of emerging economies, emerging financial markets like DSE provide suitable and a relatively safe investment environment for international investors and fund managers seeking global diversification for better risk-return trade-offs. When most of the world markets declined during the recent global financial crisis, stock prices in DSE experienced a continuous rise. This makes it more interesting as an emerging market to study beta instability.
Volume (Year): 36 (2010)
Issue (Month): 10 (October)
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