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Life cycle costing: a review of published case studies


  • Eric Korpi
  • Timo Ala-Risku


Purpose - Despite existing life cycle costing (LCC) method descriptions and practicable suggestions for conducting LCC analyses, no systematic analyses on actual implementations of LCC methods exist. This paper aims to review reports on LCC applications to provide an overview of LCC uses and implementation feasibility. Design/methodology/approach - A review of LCC cases reported in academic and practitioner literature. Case reports were compared against one another and against the defining articles in the field. Findings - Most of the reported LCC applications were far from ideal. Compared to the methods suggested in the literature many of the case study applications: covered fewer parts of the whole life cycle, estimated the costs on a lower level of detail, used cost estimation methods based on expert opinion rather than statistical methods, and were content with deterministic estimates of life cycle costs instead of using sensitivity analyses. Research limitations/implications - This review is limited to reported LCC applications only. Further research is encouraged in the form of a field-based multiple-case study to reveal context-specific dimensions of LCC analysis and implementation challenges in more detail. Practical implications - This review highlights the difficulty of conducting a reliable LCC analysis, and points out typical problems that should be carefully considered before drawing conclusions from the LCC analysis. Originality/value - First systematic analysis of LCC applications that gives directions for further research on the LCC concept.

Suggested Citation

  • Eric Korpi & Timo Ala-Risku, 2008. "Life cycle costing: a review of published case studies," Managerial Auditing Journal, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 23(3), pages 240-261, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:majpps:v:23:y:2008:i:3:p:240-261

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Timo Hyvonen, 2003. "Management Accounting And Information Systems: Erp Versus Bob," European Accounting Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 155-173.
    2. Huisman, Ronald & Mahieu, Ronald, 2003. "Regime jumps in electricity prices," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 425-434, September.
    3. Kari Lukka & Markus Granlund, 1996. "Cost accounting in Finland: current practice and trends of development," European Accounting Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(1), pages 1-28.
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    Cited by:

    1. Giuseppe Bonazzi & Mattia Iotti, 2016. "Evaluation of Investment in Renovation to Increase the Quality of Buildings: A Specific Discounted Cash Flow ( DCF ) Approach of Appraisal," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(3), pages 1-17, March.
    2. Petr Čermák, 2013. "Analysis of customer lifetime value model: Literature review," Český finanční a účetní časopis, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2013(4), pages 84-95.
    3. Atmaca, Adem & Atmaca, Nihat, 2016. "Comparative life cycle energy and cost analysis of post-disaster temporary housings," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 171(C), pages 429-443.
    4. Islam, Hamidul & Jollands, Margaret & Setunge, Sujeeva, 2015. "Life cycle assessment and life cycle cost implication of residential buildings—A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 129-140.
    5. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:3:p:268:d:65781 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Settanni, Ettore & Newnes, Linda B. & Thenent, Nils E. & Parry, Glenn & Goh, Yee Mey, 2014. "A through-life costing methodology for use in product–service-systems," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 153(C), pages 161-177.
    7. Erwin M. Schau & Marzia Traverso & Annekatrin Lehmann & Matthias Finkbeiner, 2011. "Life Cycle Costing in Sustainability Assessment—A Case Study of Remanufactured Alternators," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(11), pages 1-21, November.


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