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Bank regulation and supervision in 180 countries from 1999 to 2011

  • James R. Barth
  • Gerard Caprio Jr
  • Ross Levine

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss and provide new data and measures of bank regulatory and supervisory policies in 180 countries from 1999 to 2011. Design/methodology/approach – The authors' approach is based upon the quantification of hundreds of questions, including information on permissible bank activities, capital requirements, the powers of official supervisory agencies, information disclosure requirements, external governance mechanisms, deposit insurance, barriers to entry, and loan provisioning, to form indices of key bank regulatory and supervisory policies. Findings – It is found that the regulation and supervision of banks varies widely across countries in many different dimensions. Furthermore, there has not been a convergence in bank regulatory regimes over the past decade despite the worst global financial crisis since the Great Depression. Research limitations/implications – The data are based on survey responses and this requires that the answers be accurate. To better ensure this is the case, several checks were made to ensure greater accuracy in all the answers. Using this database one can perform various statistical analyses in attempt to determine which bank regulatory regimes work best to promote well-functioning banking systems. Originality/value – The authors' data and measures are new and unique so as enable policy makers and researchers to examine cross-country comparisons and analyses of changes in banking policies over time.

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Article provided by Emerald Group Publishing in its journal Journal of Financial Economic Policy.

Volume (Year): 5 (2013)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 111-219

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Handle: RePEc:eme:jfeppp:v:4:y:2012:i:4:pp:111-219
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  1. Barth, James R. & Caprio Jr., Gerard & Levine, Ross, 2001. "Bank regulation and supervision : what works best?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2725, The World Bank.
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