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The entrepreneurial role of profit-and-loss sharing modes of finance: theory and practice


  • Rasem N. Kayed


Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to find out whether profit-and-loss-sharing (PLS) modes of finance have become viable financial alternatives for entrepreneurship and enterprise development or whether they are still merely an academic endeavour. Design/methodology/approach - The method employed in this study is a combination of extensive examination of existing literature and critical analysis of the outcomes of several relevant studies in order to establish the convergent/divergent relationship between theory and practice in Islamic finance. Findings - Based on available bank level and country level data, the paper presents evidence that the divergence between the theoretical perspective and the practical implementation of PLS modes of finance is widening to an alarming level. The paper argues that this divergence by no means can be attributed to the construct and the disposition of the PLS instruments; it is rather the product of the negative attitude and the lack of proper infrastructure of the majority of Islamic financial institutions (IFIs) – and their (reluctance) to accommodate entrepreneurship through the genuine implementation of PLS instruments. Practical implications - The findings of this study draw attention to the visible shortage in practical research pertaining to the application of the principles of PLS modes in financing entrepreneurial activities. The study suggests that the relevance, the direction and the resilience of future research undertakings should be focused on bridging the increasing gap between the prescribed role of PLS instruments and the actual performance of IFIs in promoting socio-economic development through the creation of a vibrant entrepreneurship sector. Originality/value - The paper points out that while PLS models dominate the theoretical literature on Islamic finance, and whereas the majority of mainstream Muslim scholars and financial authorities overwhelmingly judge PLS models as being compelling financial options and practical developmental tools, the reality of Islamic finance paints a different picture. The paper emphasizes the need for IFIs to conform to their own charters and assume a leading developmental role in order to realize

Suggested Citation

  • Rasem N. Kayed, 2012. "The entrepreneurial role of profit-and-loss sharing modes of finance: theory and practice," International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 5(3), pages 203-228, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:imefpp:v:5:y:2012:i:3:p:203-228

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bacha, Obiyathulla I., 1997. "Adapting Mudarabah Financing to Contemporary Realities: A Proposed Financing Structure," MPRA Paper 12732, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Nov 1996.
    2. Presley, John R & Sessions, John G, 1994. "Islamic Economics: The Emergence of a New Paradigm," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 104(424), pages 584-596, May.
    3. Holcombe, Randall G & Jackson, John D & Zardkoohi, Asghar, 1981. "The National Debt Controversy," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(2), pages 186-202.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:ddj:fseeai:y:2017:i:3:p:54-67 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Shaikh, Salman Ahmed, 2015. "Financial Inclusiveness in Islamic Banking: Comparison of Ideals and Practices Based on Maqasid-e-Shari’ah," MPRA Paper 68745, University Library of Munich, Germany.


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