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Global financial crisis: an Islamic finance perspective

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  • Adel Ahmed

Abstract

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to initially contribute the literature linking the global financial crisis and the Islamic finance model which is competent of playing down the severity and frequency of financial crises, by introducing the financial system based on sharing in the risk. It links credit expansion to the growth of the real economy by allowing credit primarily for the purchase of real goods and services which the seller owns and possesses, and the buyer wishes to take delivery. It also requires the creditor to bear the risk of default by prohibiting the sale of debt, thereby ensuring that he evaluates the risk more carefully. It is important for everyone's future that we study the current crisis in order to develop sustainable financial practices and in quest of a new business model based on sharing the profit and loss. Design/methodology/approach - The divergence approach is used for exploring possibilities and constraints of inherited situations by applying critical thinking and analysis through the published literature in Islamic finance. This is to create new understandings of international finance and using new banking business model towards better design solutions for the current global financial crisis and preventing more collapse in the future. Findings - A new business model for the banking system based on non-interest-based transactions but profit and loss sharing should be in practice at the financial system. The financial institutions should encourage business and trade activities that generate fair and legitimate profit. In Islamic finance, there is always a close link between financial flow and productivity. This intrinsic property of Islamic finance contributes towards insulating it from the potential risks resulting from excess leverage and speculative financial activities which are part of the root causes of the current financial crisis. Research limitations/implications - This paper is based on published research papers but does not include empirical investigation. Practical implications - The new business model based on Islamic finance principles will help in financing businesses by using alternative methods to the banking systems or as a different way to run our banking system. The Islamic finance system with proper checks and controls introduces greater discipline into the economy and links credit expansion to the growth of the real economy. Originality/value - The paper sheds new light on the relationship between the Islamic finance model and a new business model for the financial institutions to be used in order to think through how to prevent future financial collapses and make capital markets work more effectively.

Suggested Citation

  • Adel Ahmed, 2010. "Global financial crisis: an Islamic finance perspective," International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 3(4), pages 306-320, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:imefpp:v:3:y:2010:i:4:p:306-320
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Farhad F. Ghannadian & Gautam Goswami, 2004. "Developing economy banking: the case of Islamic banks," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 31(8), pages 740-752, July.
    2. Masudul Alam Choudhury & Md. Mostaque Hussain, 2005. "A paradigm of Islamic money and banking," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 32(3), pages 203-217, March.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. KERZABI, Dounia & Ben Ahmed Daho, Rachida & BENDOB, Ali, 2017. "Les banques islamiques sont-elles plus performantes que les banques conventionnelles en Algérie ? [Are the Islamic banks better perform than conventional banks in Algeria?]," MPRA Paper 83159, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Lucky Nugroho & Wiwik Utami & Citra Sukmadilaga & Tettet Fitrijanti, 2017. "The Urgency of Allignment Islamic Bank to Increasing the Outreach (Indonesia Evidence)," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 7(4), pages 283-291.
    3. Philippe DESBRIERES, 2017. "L’investissement conforme à la Charia est-il socialement responsable ?,Is Shariah compliant investment socially responsible?," Working Papers CREGO 1171001, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.
    4. Farida Mohammed Shehu & Al-Hasan Al-Aidaros, 2015. "A Proposed Framework on the Relationship between Islamic Microfinance Related Factors and Women Entrepreneurs Business Performance in Nigeria," Journal of Education and Vocational Research, AMH International, vol. 6(4), pages 38-44.
    5. Ilieva, Jana & Ristovska, Natasha & Kozuharov, Saso, 2017. "Banking Without Interest," UTMS Journal of Economics, University of Tourism and Management, Skopje, Macedonia, vol. 8(2), pages 131-139.
    6. Lassoued, Mongi, 2018. "Comparative study on credit risk in Islamic banking institutions: The case of Malaysia," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 267-278.
    7. Zaman, Qamar Uz & Hassan, M. Kabir & Akhter, Waheed & Meraj, M.A., 2018. "From interest tax shield to dividend tax shield: A corporate financing policy for equitable and sustainable wealth creation," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 144-162.
    8. Shaikh, Salman, 2013. "Determinants of Islamic Banking Growth in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 53798, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Istvan Egresi & Rauf Belge, 2015. "Development Of Islamic Banking In Turkey," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 6, pages 5-20, December.
    10. Amina Hachimi & M. My Abdelouhab Salahddine, 2019. "The Acceptability of Participatory Banking Products by SMES: A Conceptual Framework," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 9(4), pages 259-266.
    11. Omneya Abdelsalam & Meryem Duygun & Juan Carlos Matallín-Sáez & Emili Tortosa-Ausina, 2017. "Is Ethical Money Sensitive to Past Returns? The Case of Portfolio Constraints and Persistence in Islamic Funds," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 51(3), pages 363-384, June.
    12. Charles, Amélie & Darné, Olivier & Pop, Adrian, 2015. "Risk and ethical investment: Empirical evidence from Dow Jones Islamic indexes," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 33-56.
    13. Shaikh, Salman Ahmed, 2015. "Financial Inclusiveness in Islamic Banking: Comparison of Ideals and Practices Based on Maqasid-e-Shari’ah," MPRA Paper 68745, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Achraf Haddad & Anis El Ammari & Abdelfettah Bouri, 2019. "Are the Islamic Banks Really more Profitable than the Conventional Banks in a Financial Stable Period?," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 9(9), pages 994-1018, September.
    15. Hasan, Zubair Hasan, 2014. "The recent turmoil and monetary policy in a dual financial system with Islamic perspective," MPRA Paper 57133, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Shaikh, Salman, 2013. "Economic Analysis of Islamic Banking in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 53797, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Badreldin F. Salim & Mohamed H. Mahmoud, 2016. "Islamic Finance: Is it a Time to be Considered as an Alternative during Financial Crisis Times? A Comparative Study in Gulf Cooperation Council," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(3), pages 1123-1131.
    18. Shaikh, Salman, 2012. "Islamic Banking in Pakistan: A Critical Analysis," MPRA Paper 42497, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Chen, Naiwei & Liang, Hsin-Yu & Yu, Min-Teh, 2018. "Asset diversification and bank performance: Evidence from three Asian countries with a dual banking system," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 40-53.
    20. Omneya Abdelsalam & Marwa Elnahass & Sabur Mollah, 2018. "Asset Securitization and Risk: Does Bank Type Matter?," Working Papers 2018-15, Swansea University, School of Management.
    21. Yunieta Nainggolan & Janice How & Peter Verhoeven, 2016. "Ethical Screening and Financial Performance: The Case of Islamic Equity Funds," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 137(1), pages 83-99, August.
    22. Warninda, Titi Dewi & Ekaputra, Irwan Adi & Rokhim, Rofikoh, 2019. "Do Mudarabah and Musharakah financing impact Islamic Bank credit risk differently?," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 166-175.
    23. Norfaizah Othman & Mariani Abdul-Majid & Aisyah Abdul-Rahman, 2018. "Determinants of Banking Crises in ASEAN Countries," Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy (JICEP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 9(03), pages 1-20, October.
    24. Farhana Tahmida Newaz & Kim-Shyan Fam & Revti Raman Sharma, 2016. "Muslim religiosity and purchase intention of different categories of Islamic financial products," Journal of Financial Services Marketing, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 21(2), pages 141-152, June.
    25. Metin AKTAS, 2013. "Stability of the Participation Banking Sector Against the Economic Crisis in Turkey," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 3(1), pages 180-190.

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