Corporate social reporting: empirical evidence from Indonesia Stock Exchange
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of board size, foreign ownership, firm size, profitability, and leverage on corporate social responsibility (CSR) reporting and the possible effect of CSR reporting on a firm's future performance. Design/methodology/approach - Annual reports were analyzed by content analysis method and multiple regression was used to test hypotheses. Findings - Evidence was found that board size has a positive and non-linear (quadratic and concave) relationship with CSR. This result confirms predictions that a larger board will be able to exercise better monitoring, but that too large a board will make the monitoring process ineffective. Firm size has a positive effect on CSR. This suggests that larger firms have more resources to devote to social activities and a larger asset base over which to spread the costs of social responsibility. They also face more pressure to disclose their social activities for various groups in society. Profitability and leverage, however, do not have significant influence. Little evidence was found of positive impact of CSR on future performance. This result could encourage firms to disclose their CSR activities because there seems to be a positive affect on future performance. Research limitations/implications - The measure of CSR may involve subjective judgement and is only limited to annual reports. Practical implications - The paper shows that it is important for a company to increase its awareness on corporate social activities and also its disclosure in the annual report. Originality/value - The paper shows that board size has a positive and non-linear effect on CSR, which has been rarely examined in previous research.
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Volume (Year): 3 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 (August)
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Haniffa, R.M. & Cooke, T.E., 2005. "The impact of culture and governance on corporate social reporting," Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(5), pages 391-430.
- Epstein, Marc & Flamholtz, Eric & McDonough, John J., 1976. "Corporate social accounting in the United States of America: State of the art and future prospects," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 23-42, January.
- Rob Gray & Mohammed Javad & David M. Power & C. Donald Sinclair, 2001. "Social and Environmental Disclosure and Corporate Characteristics: A Research Note and Extension," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(3-4), pages 327-356.
- Collier, Paul & Gregory, Alan, 1999. "Audit committee activity and agency costs," Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(4-5), pages 311-332.
- Cowen, Scott S. & Ferreri, Linda B. & Parker, Lee D., 1987. "The impact of corporate characteristics on social responsibility disclosure: A typology and frequency-based analysis," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 111-122, March.
- Bhimani, Alnoor & Soonawalla, Kazbi, 2005. "From conformance to performance: The corporate responsibilities continuum," Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 165-174.
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