Correlates of work-family conflicts among managers in Egypt
Purpose - The work-family interface has received considerable attention during the past two decades but inconsistent findings have been reported. Reasons for this include the use of different work-family conflict (WFC) measures, samples, outcomes, and countries and cultures. Carlson Design/methodology/approach - Data were collected from 242 respondents, 146 males and 96 females, using anonymously completed questionnaires, a 48 percent response rate. Measures included three forms of WFC, personal demographic and work situation characteristics, stable individual difference personality factors, job behaviors, work outcomes, after-work recovery experiences, indicators of quality of life (e.g. WFC, life satisfaction) and psychological well-being. Findings - The three measures of WFC were acceptably reliable and inter-correlated to the same extent as reported by Carlson and her colleagues in their US study. The mean values in the Egyptian sample were higher than those in the US study indicating more WFC, and the gender differences reported by Carlson Research limitations/implications - The presence of country differences suggests the need for more cross-cultural research involving participants in the same occupations. Practical implications - Results suggest that both individual characteristics and job demands are associated with levels of WFC. Efforts to reduce levels of WFC need to address both. Originality/value - The paper adds to the understanding of work experiences of managers in Egypt and replicates and extends earlier work.
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Volume (Year): 3 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 (August)
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